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[With pics] How to replace only the glass (not the whole "LCD") on a Galaxy S3!

OP vantt1

7th February 2014, 06:18 AM   |  #1  
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You don't.

Although it is entirely possible, the chance of failure if done by people with absolutely no experience with mobile phone repairs is very high.

If you've broken the screen on your Samsung Galaxy S3 and have considered replacing the screen by yourself because your local mobile phone repair shops charge a hefty price for the repair, you should reconsider. You may have seen videos like the following that make it seem it is very easy to replace the glass only:

(skip to 3:00 in this one)


Maybe it seemed too easy. That's because it was too easy. Chances are those screens have already been replaced before by a third party who has access to professional equipment and skills. Possibly the screen has been broken more than once?

Even if you do successfully replace the glass only, it is guaranteed that you will get scratches, dust, fingerprints and adhesive marks on the Super AMOLED panel, no matter how much you clean it. That's because you won't be doing the repair with gloves on in a clean room free of dust. And that's not all - after a few weeks or months of use, dust will somehow find a way to get in between the glass and SAMOLED+ panel because you didn't use machine-cut adhesive that adheres your glass perfectly, leaving no gap for dust to get in. Your screen's touch sensitivity will drop as well, since it's not making adequate contact with the digitizer. And on top of that, the visibility will also drop.

Those problems don't show up on camera, and can easily be masked/hidden from the camera, too.

If this is only your first time breaking the screen on your S3, those tutorials won't work for you because your screen was manufactured as one whole piece by Samsung. The glass on your phone won't fall out by itself because the whole glass is optically laminated to the SAMOLED+ panel using a Liquid Optically Clear Adhesive, or LOCA for short. This kind of adhesive is a little bit sensitive to heat, but can't be completely removed because it is cured using UV light, not heat.

Optical lamination is a manufacturing process employed in more high end mobile devices that eliminate the air gap usually present between the display panel (usually either LCD or AMOLED) and the glass digitizer panel on top. Phones such as the Samsung Galaxy S3, S4, Note 2 and Note 3, iPhone 4/4S/5/5S/5C, HTC One X, One, Butterfly, Droid DNA, LG Nexus 4, Nexus 5, Sony Xperia Z, Z1, Z Ultra etc. have displays that are optically laminated. Optical lamination has a number of advantages:
  • Visibility is increased (especially under sunlight), since there aren't multiple layers reflecting ambient light creating optical interference
  • Screen clarity is increased, since optical lamination makes the display look like it is on top of the glass as opposed to being under it
  • It is impossible for debris like dirt and dust to get trapped in the air gap between the display and glass, because that gap is filled with LOCA
  • Higher contrast ratio, because there's less light reflecting off the parts of the screen that aren't emitting light

But the biggest disadvantage is the increased cost of repair. That's what you have to pay for all those aforementioned advantages. It also certainly doesn't help that the screens are getting thinner and thinner every year. The likelihood of breaking the screen increases every year too.

Here's a little photo album that I'd like to share with everyone documenting my experiences trying to remove the glass from full original Samsung screens that haven't been replaced or tampered with before. Click to enlarge.



This is a picture of the Black Samsung Galaxy S3 GT-i9300. Only the glass was broken, so I attempted to separate it from the AMOLED panel using a heat gun and some plastic pry tools. So far so good, until the AMOLED panel broke because it is optically bonded to the glass and also stuck to the frame underneath it. You can still see some LOCA on the AMOLED panel and glass.




Second is the Galaxy S4 GT-i9505. It was broken on the top half, so I started removing the glass from the bottom. Again, the LOCA wasn't very cooperative, staying quite solid throughout the removal. Eventually, the S4's AMOLED panel broke too.

It didn't look like the broken original Samsung screens wanted to be separated, so I moved on to fully intact screens.




It was a pain trying to separate this one. The adhesive was very difficult to remove, and the screen's touch digitizer circuit and polarizer started to separate from the AMOLED panel. As you can see, the glass came off intact, but the AMOLED underneath was completely destroyed.




It doesn't look like the digitizer circuit/polarizer is bonded to the AMOLED. It just gets sandwiched on top, so it is very easy to unintentionally separate it from the AMOLED instead of leaving it on and only removing the glass, especially if the glass is smashed into a thousand fragments. The glass was in one piece though, and you can see how that turned out.




This is a good representation of what the AMOLED sandwich consists of. From top to bottom:
  • Gorilla Glass
  • Touch digitizer circuit/polarizer (you can see the rest of the glass is a lot darker than the top left corner where polarizer was removed)
  • AMOLED panel (it looks very reflective without the polarizer on top of it)
  • Midframe




Some of the AMOLED panel itself came off and was still stuck to the glass!




You can see how thin and fragile the AMOLED panel is on the Samsung Galaxy S series phones. Sure, it's thin, but is it worth it? The panel has to be supported by the frame and the glass to stay intact. The panel on the S4 has a slimmed down bezel and was made thinner again, so it's a lot easier to break the AMOLED on the S4 than it is on the S3.




Ugh, don't even get me started with the iPhone 5 screen. LCDs are more robust than AMOLEDS but still...so much LOCA...so much glass...




Sure, these glass panels can be had for about $10, but is it worth all the effort to end up with a screen full of dust and fingerprints, has a warped frame and will eventually come loose and fall off, or simply just to destroy the AMOLED panel then spending extra money on a whole display assembly? Reapplying the glass leaving no gaps for dust to get in requires adhesive that is machine-cut perfectly for your frame.

Edit: Even then, you still don't have any LOCA or the necessary facilities to fill that air gap. (Thanks to @KrzychuG !)



Do you have what it takes?

Sorry for such a long post. I'm spending my time, efforts and money so you don't have to. I will occasionally add to this thread when I get more screens to experiment with.
Last edited by vantt1; 16th February 2014 at 04:07 AM.
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7th February 2014, 06:24 AM   |  #2  
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This is a good video on how these screens can be separated and replaced with a perfect bubble-free and dust-free finish:

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13th February 2014, 05:02 PM   |  #3  
Most of the time its a better idea to just buy an entire replacement. I've replaced glass on nexus 7's and Galaxy Note2's a few times. it's not fun to replace glass or lamination, and it's just a whole lot easier to purchase a "parts" phone with a working display from ebay and swap out boards. Glass is one of my least favorite things to play with.
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13th February 2014, 05:04 PM   |  #4  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by vantt1

This is a good video on how these screens can be separated and replaced with a perfect bubble-free and dust-free finish:

Awesome dude! thanks alot for the tutorial, but i dont think people have industrial size vacuums in their house, lol,
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13th February 2014, 05:09 PM   |  #5  
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Thank you so much, this is very helpful!

Can I ask how you got the information? That would be very useful to do further research about other devices

Thanks again!
13th February 2014, 05:40 PM   |  #6  
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I will never, ever separate the glass and the screen. I know that it will break for sure. When I replace phone glass, I replace the entire front screen assembly which includes the glass, screen, and any frame to attach it into the phone. Even if it's just the glass that's broken and the LCD still works, still replace the entire front assembly.
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13th February 2014, 05:42 PM   |  #7  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Pizza_Dox

Awesome dude! thanks alot for the tutorial, but i dont think people have industrial size vacuums in their house, lol,

I think the point is that unless you have all this stuff you shouldn't be even attempting to replace the glass.
13th February 2014, 07:00 PM   |  #8  
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i have tried this multiple times and all i can say is for anyone at home wihtout the professional equipment your not gonna get anywhere.. this isnt like and iPhone 3G/S where you take the screen off and seperate the LCD from the digitizer with a heatgun or hairdryer, ive tried all possible ways an failed every single time, either broken AMOLED or in some cases half the AMOLED comes off with the adheasive...
just save your money and buy the digitizer with the AMOLED attached..
Last edited by Ricky Divjakovski; 13th February 2014 at 07:06 PM.
13th February 2014, 07:34 PM   |  #9  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by HankChill

I will never, ever separate the glass and the screen. I know that it will break for sure. When I replace phone glass, I replace the entire front screen assembly which includes the glass, screen, and any frame to attach it into the phone. Even if it's just the glass that's broken and the LCD still works, still replace the entire front assembly.

but what will you do with the old screen with the broken front glass ?
13th February 2014, 07:35 PM   |  #10  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by andr3wchong

but what will you do with the old screen with the broken front glass ?

Chuck it

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