Dialer codes aka USSD, secret, factory or service mode codes are embedded into the Samsung i.e. Touchwiz firmware. The codes that are possible vary from one firmware release to another.
It's highly unlikely that your dialer codes are disabled on a 900F model like Verizon does for some of their handsets. You can confirm this on a rooted phone by looking for the following setting in build.prop
There are innumerable threads listing the dialer codes and you can find out which ones work on your phone by trying them. Be warned that a few codes perform functions such as factory resets, so it would be prudent to know what the code ostensibly does before employing it.
You can also look at my post here
which explains that more codes are accessible if entered on the CLI than through the dialer. e.g.
am broadcast -a android.provider.Telephony.SECRET_CODE -d android_secret_code://27663368378
rather than *#27663368378#