5,596,568 Members 40,861 Now Online
XDA Developers Android and Mobile Development Forum

[HOW-TO] How to flash a factory image / return to stock / unlock / root #

Tip us?
 
efrant
Old
(Last edited by efrant; 28th November 2013 at 04:03 PM.)
#1  
efrant's Avatar
Senior Moderator - OP
Thanks Meter 7761
Posts: 9,368
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Montreal Bow2DaCow

 
DONATE TO ME
Default [HOW-TO] How to flash a factory image / return to stock / unlock / root #

I have created this thread to give a step-by-step on how to flash a stock ROM build available on Google's developer site. (For those that are unaware, an unlocked bootloader is needed, and unlocking is part of the instructions below.)

I've also added a section on how to root for those that want it.

Note: There are other methods that are abbreviated and/or faster, but I wanted to spell out each step in the process for the purposes of learning. I'm a big believer in doing things manually before using a "toolkit", much the same way that, in school, we are taught to do math first, before being allowed to use a calculator. See here for some further explanation.

So, without further ado:

How to flash a stock ROM

Step-by-step

Notes:
1) For the n00bs: read the entire post before proceeding;
2) MacOS-specific instructions: a) no drivers needed, and b) replace fastboot in the steps below with ./fastboot-mac

A. Install the drivers
1) Do not install LG drivers or the PDAnet drivers, or any other driver you come across. If you have, and you are SURE they are working properly, fine, leave them. Otherwise uninstall them if you are unsure;
2) Download the drivers from here or from here;
3) Install the drivers. See here on how to install them. Note that the driver has to install twice: once when your device is booted normally (not required for this tutorial) with USB Debugging enabled in Settings, and once when your device is booted in fastboot (i.e., bootloader) mode (which is required for this tutorial). (To enable USB Debugging, you first need to enable Developer options by going to Settings->About phone and tapping 7 times on the build number.) If you are using Windows 8, you will need to do this before installing the drivers.

B. Backup your data
1) Backup all your personal data (e.g., photos, music, etc.) OFF of your device and onto your computer by using whatever method you want that works for you, e.g., MTP, ADB, email, Dropbox, Box.net, whatever.
2) This method will wipe your entire device, including the /sdcard folder, so once you do this, you will not be able to retreive anything that was on your device previously.
3) See here on how to backup your apps and app data if you don't have root.

C. Download the required files to your computer and extract them
1) All of the files that are required, need to be in one (i.e., the same) directory. It does not matter what it is called, but all the files need to be in there, with NO subfolders. EVERYTHING needs to be extracted into this one directory;
2) Download the attachment from the end of this post and extract the contents to the directory created in step 1. (Latest version for Windows is here). Note: if all you want to do is unlock your bootloader, skip to step 7 in this section (C).
3) Download the version of Android you want from here. Make sure you are using an occam image which is for the Nexus 4. Most old versions are not usually available on that site; however, there is a mirror on this site: Random Phantasmagoria.
4) Download the appropriate version (for your computer) of 7-zip from here and install it.
5) Extract the files from within the .tgz file which you downloaded in step 3 using 7-zip, not WinZip or WinRAR or whatever.
6) Make sure you have extracted ALL the files (including extracting any files in any archives inside the .tgz file). You should have six (6) files ending with .img in the directory you created in step 1. The other files you extracted from the .tgz are not necessary;
7) Reboot your device into bootloader mode (by turning it off, hold volume down, and press and hold power) and plug it into your computer;
8) Open a command prompt in the same directory (i.e., make sure you are in the same directory as your files are located). You can hold the shift key when you are in the folder in Windows explorer and right-click in a blank spot and it will open a command prompt.

D. Type in the commands into the command prompt
1) Make sure your computer recognizes your device by typing: fastboot devices
2) Unlock your bootloader (if you have not already done so): fastboot oem unlock
3) You will see a prompt on your device. This will wipe your entire device (including the /sdcard folder). Accept. Note: you use the volume keys to change the option and the power button to accept. You cannot use the touch screen.
4) Reboot by typing: fastboot reboot-bootloader
5) Flash the bootloader: fastboot flash bootloader bootloader-mako-makoz10o.img (or whatever the name of the bootloader image that you downloaded).
6) Reboot: fastboot reboot-bootloader
7) Flash the radio: fastboot flash radio radio-mako-m9615a-cefwmazm-2.0.1700.48.img (or whatever the name is of the radio image that you downloaded).
8) Reboot: fastboot reboot-bootloader
9) Flash the system partition: fastboot flash system system.img
10) Optional, but read note. Flash the data partition: fastboot flash userdata userdata.img Note: this command will wipe your device (including /sdcard), EVEN if your bootloader is already unlocked. See note 2 below.
11) Flash the kernel/ramdisk: fastboot flash boot boot.img
12) Flash the recovery partition: fastboot flash recovery recovery.img
13) Erase the cache partition: either a) fastboot erase cache OR b) fastboot format cache <<== the second option seems to work better for most people. Thanks joostburg.
14) Reboot: fastboot reboot
15) Done! The first boot will likely take quite a bit longer than you are used to, as Android builds the Dalvik cache.

Now you have a fully stock image on your device. The only thing that is different from out-of-the-box condition is that your bootloader is unlocked. See the notes section at the end of this post for information on re-locking the bootloader.

Note that some users indicate that they can't get past the X on boot. If this happens to you, reboot into the bootloader and select recovery. Then, when you see the Android with the red exclamation mark, hold power and press volume up to take you to the menu. Wipe cache. If that still doesn't work, boot back into recovery and do a factory reset (this will obviously delete all your data & files in /sdcard...).

If you have a 16GB device, and it now shows up as 8GB, reboot into recovery (hold power and press volume up when you are at the screen with the android and the red exclamation mark), and wipe cache. If that still doesn't work, boot back into recovery and do a factory reset (which will obviously delete all your data & files in /sdcard...). Or do this.

E. Optional -- Root
If you want to get root access follow the steps below. (And no, this will not flash a custom recovery, and not, it will not make you "not stock".) Unlocked bootloader required. See steps above.

1) Download (to your computer) the latest version of CWM (from here) or TWRP (from here) for your device;
2) Rename the file to customrecovery.img, and make sure it is in the same directory as your fastboot.exe file;
3) Download (to /sdcard on your device) the latest version of either ChainsDD's Superuser (not currently working), or Chainfire's SuperSU or Koush's Superuser; NOTE: So far, only SuperSU v1.43 and newer currently work properly with JWR66V (i.e., 4.3). I've attached v1.51 below.
4) Restart your device in fastboot mode and plug into computer;
5) Open a command prompt in the directory mentioned above and type: fastboot boot customrecovery.img Note: Only if you are running the z20i bootloader: the command would be: fastboot -c "lge.kcal=0|0|0|x" boot customrecovery.img Thanks hwti & el_charlie
6) Wait for it to boot;
7) Navigate the menus the recovery menu on your device and select an option like "update zip from sdcard". Find the zip that you downloaded, and apply it.
8) Reboot. Done.

Notes:
1) Yes, you will receive the OTA update notification (when it is available) for the next update. WHEN you get the update notification, IF you want it to install automatically, you will need to ensure that that you are using the bootloader, radio, boot, radio and recovery images for the .tgz package you downloaded. Otherwise, the update will not install automatically.
2) There has been a lot of uncertainty and questions around stock ROMs and losing/wiping data. You CAN flash a stock ROM WITHOUT losing the data stored in /sdcard (and possibly even all apps and app data, although this depends on which apps you have installed). This can be done by skipping step 10 in part D. However, if your device goes into a boot loop, you will need to boot CWM, and wipe data <-- this will wipe your apps and app data, but not /sdcard.
3) Do NOT re-lock your bootloader after you are finished. The is no need. 2) Having an unlocked bootloader does not affect anything related to the ROM/GoogleWallet/OTAs. Nothing at all. If your bootloader is locked, you CANNOT use fastboot commands. This is pretty much the only thing it affects. If your bootloader is locked, and you need to unlock it, it will wipe everything, including /sdcard. This is the major drawback of re-locking your bootloader. If you do want to lock your bootloader, the command is: fastboot oem lock
Attached Files
File Type: zip platform-tools-v16.zip - [Click for QR Code] (1.75 MB, 18239 views)
File Type: zip UPDATE-SuperSU-v1.51.zip - [Click for QR Code] (1.14 MB, 5059 views)
I do NOT answer technical questions via PM. Post in a thread.

Google Nexus 5

XDA Forum Rules & Moderator List

WHAT MATTERS IS UNDERSTANDING THE JOURNEY...
The Following 519 Users Say Thank You to efrant For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
efrant
Old
(Last edited by efrant; 11th September 2013 at 01:54 PM.) Reason: Revised procedure.
#2  
efrant's Avatar
Senior Moderator - OP
Thanks Meter 7761
Posts: 9,368
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Montreal Bow2DaCow

 
DONATE TO ME
Default How to return to stock if your USB port is broken

I am adding this how-to in case people need it, for return their device to Google, etc.

This is NOT meant to replace going through the steps in post #1. They are there for your learning, and should be used as a primary method of returning your device to stock. However, if your USB port is indeed messed up, then you will not be able to use the instructions in post #1.

Warning: if your USB port is indeed broken, and you complete all the steps below, you will have NO possible way at all to unlock your bootloader, or get root, or install a custom recovery. Period.

1) Ensure that you have root, and a custom recovery (CWM or TWRP) installed;
2) Download segv11's BootUnlocker app from the Play Store, install it and lock your bootloader with it;
3) Download the odexed version of this file (stock JDQ39 ROM) and place it on your device;
4) Download the JDQ39 stock boot image from here and the stock JDQ39 recovery from here.
5) If you want, you can also download the 0.48 radio and the z10o bootloader from here.
6) Reboot into CWM and flash the three files you downloaded in steps 3 and 4, and the file(s) you downloaded in step 5;
5) Turn off your device and reboot into the bootloader;
6) Go to recovery and access the stock recovery menu (i.e., when you see the android with the red triangle, hold power and press vol up) and do a factory reset and then wipe cache.
7) Reboot your device. Do NOT install any OTA updates if they present themselves. Read and follow this post.
8) Done. Now you are fully stock JDQ39 with a locked bootloader.
I do NOT answer technical questions via PM. Post in a thread.

Google Nexus 5

XDA Forum Rules & Moderator List

WHAT MATTERS IS UNDERSTANDING THE JOURNEY...
The Following 73 Users Say Thank You to efrant For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
efrant
Old
#3  
efrant's Avatar
Senior Moderator - OP
Thanks Meter 7761
Posts: 9,368
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Montreal Bow2DaCow

 
DONATE TO ME
Reserved.
I do NOT answer technical questions via PM. Post in a thread.

Google Nexus 5

XDA Forum Rules & Moderator List

WHAT MATTERS IS UNDERSTANDING THE JOURNEY...
The Following 18 Users Say Thank You to efrant For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
El Daddy
Old
#4  
El Daddy's Avatar
Forum Moderator
Thanks Meter 2638
Posts: 3,105
Join Date: May 2008
Location: Roseville, MN
Awesome! Thanks again efrant!
The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to El Daddy For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
tomedic
Old
(Last edited by tomedic; 24th November 2012 at 02:15 AM.)
#5  
Member
Thanks Meter 4
Posts: 61
Join Date: May 2010
Ok...

So I consider myself fairly good at this stuff. I've been rooting and doing custom stuff since the N1. I have messed up somewhere...

So initially I used the "1-click" script method (I know) to unlock/root/BB/etc... It worked, but then I decided to go into recovery and wipe everything (inlcluding /format system) in CWR.

That ended up being unable to get passed the Google screen.

I then used your method, which appeared to work...

First time through it got to the "X" and just sat there for 5+ minutes (I unplugged the USB about a minute after it rebooted). I then attempted to restart and nothing.

I tried a second time and instead of it going to the "X" then screen just went black. The device is now recognized as a Nexus 4 under USB devices on my computer, but the screen is off and I can't turn it on. I just unplugged it and now nothing! It can't turn on!

Ummmm... ****! I even rooted the Desire HD back when you had to do a bunch of weird terminal stuff. What happened? Little help?

EDIT - Ummm I managed to get it turned on. I tried in bootloader and eventually it turned on. However it went staright to the Google screen with these weird graphical glitches, now it's on the "X" but I can still see "google" behind it. I'll leave it for a bit and see what happens....

Jesus...
The Following User Says Thank You to tomedic For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
efrant
Old
#6  
efrant's Avatar
Senior Moderator - OP
Thanks Meter 7761
Posts: 9,368
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Montreal Bow2DaCow

 
DONATE TO ME
Quote:
Originally Posted by tomedic View Post
So initially I used the "1-click" script method (I know) to unlock/root/BB/etc...
Yeah, you know I personally don't recommend that

Quote:
Originally Posted by tomedic View Post
It worked, but then I decided to go into recovery and wipe everything (inlcluding /format system) in CWR.

That ended up being unable to get passed the Google screen.
If you wipe system, there's nothing to boot to, so it certainly won't get past the Google screen.

Quote:
Originally Posted by tomedic View Post
I then used your method, which appeared to work...

First time through it got to the "X" and just sat there for 5+ minutes (I unplugged the USB about a minute after it rebooted). I then attempted to restart and nothing.

I tried a second time and instead of it going to the "X" then screen just went black. The device is now recognized as a Nexus 4 under USB devices on my computer, but the screen is off and I can't turn it on. I just unplugged it and now nothing! It can't turn on!

EDIT - Ummm I managed to get it turned on. I tried in bootloader and eventually it turned on. However it went staright to the Google screen with these weird graphical glitches, now it's on the "X" but I can still see "google" behind it. I'll leave it for a bit and see what happens....
Boot back into CWM, wipe data, then boot into the bootloader, and re-flash the boot and system images, and erase the cache. Then reboot, and wait a good 5-10 mins for it to start.
I do NOT answer technical questions via PM. Post in a thread.

Google Nexus 5

XDA Forum Rules & Moderator List

WHAT MATTERS IS UNDERSTANDING THE JOURNEY...
The Following 5 Users Say Thank You to efrant For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
tomedic
Old
#7  
Member
Thanks Meter 4
Posts: 61
Join Date: May 2010
Quote:
Originally Posted by efrant View Post
Yeah, you know I personally don't recommend that

If you wipe system, there's nothing to boot to, so it certainly won't get past the Google screen.

Boot back into CWM, wipe data, then boot into the bootloader, and re-flash the boot and system images, and erase the cache. Then reboot, and wait a good 5-10 mins for it to start.
Ya, I did the format system out of habit because I usually did that when flashing ROM's.

So I'm still staring at the X. The graphically glitches have cleared up, but it's been 10+ minutes. I restarted into bootloader, went to recovery and have the andoid showing with a red exclamation mark!

I turned the phone off. I await your guidance...
 
efrant
Old
#8  
efrant's Avatar
Senior Moderator - OP
Thanks Meter 7761
Posts: 9,368
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Montreal Bow2DaCow

 
DONATE TO ME
Quote:
Originally Posted by tomedic View Post
Ya, I did the format system out of habit because I usually did that when flashing ROM's.

So I'm still staring at the X. The graphically glitches have cleared up, but it's been 10+ minutes. I restarted into bootloader, went to recovery and have the andoid showing with a red exclamation mark!

I turned the phone off. I await your guidance...
The android with the red exclamation mark is the main screen of the stock recovery. (I'm assuming you flash it if you followed the guide in post 1. You need to re-flash CWM if you want CWM.) As an aside: if you want to see the menu, hold power and press volume up.

Ok, do you have data on your device you want to keep?

If not, do this: reboot into the bootloader and flash the following images as per the instructions in the first post: boot, system and userdata, and then erase the cache partition as per the first post.

If yes, then do this: reboot into the bootloader and flash the following images as per the instructions in the first post: boot and system. Then flash CWM. Then boot into CWM, and wipe data, and wipe cache. Then reboot.
I do NOT answer technical questions via PM. Post in a thread.

Google Nexus 5

XDA Forum Rules & Moderator List

WHAT MATTERS IS UNDERSTANDING THE JOURNEY...
The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to efrant For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
 
tomedic
Old
#9  
Member
Thanks Meter 4
Posts: 61
Join Date: May 2010
Quote:
Originally Posted by efrant View Post
The android with the red exclamation mark is the main screen of the stock recovery. (I'm assuming you flash it if you followed the guide in post 1. You need to re-flash CWM if you want CWM.) As an aside: if you want to see the menu, hold power and press volume up.

Ok, do you have data on your device you want to keep?

If not, do this: reboot into the bootloader and flash the following images as per the instructions in the first post: boot, system and userdata, and then erase the cache partition as per the first post.

If yes, then do this: reboot into the bootloader and flash the following images as per the instructions in the first post: boot and system. Then flash CWM. Then boot into CWM, and wipe data, and wipe cache. Then reboot.
I don't want to keep data. I chose that option (but didn't reboot the bootloader after boot.img because you said not too). It just went to the "X". I'll wait...

---------- Post added at 10:05 PM ---------- Previous post was at 09:50 PM ----------

Quote:
Originally Posted by tomedic View Post
I don't want to keep data. I chose that option (but didn't reboot the bootloader after boot.img because you said not too). It just went to the "X". I'll wait...
Still nothing. Just the "X" animation. No graphical glitches though. It's been 15 minutes.

Any other suggestions? Your stuff works, it's just not booting...
 
efrant
Old
#10  
efrant's Avatar
Senior Moderator - OP
Thanks Meter 7761
Posts: 9,368
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Montreal Bow2DaCow

 
DONATE TO ME
Quote:
Originally Posted by tomedic View Post
Still nothing. Just the "X" animation. No graphical glitches though. It's been 15 minutes.

Any other suggestions? Your stuff works, it's just not booting...
Strange. All the images flashed fine (without errors) and it won't boot?

Can't think of anything else to try at the moment.



Sent from my Galaxy Nexus using Tapatalk 2
I do NOT answer technical questions via PM. Post in a thread.

Google Nexus 5

XDA Forum Rules & Moderator List

WHAT MATTERS IS UNDERSTANDING THE JOURNEY...

The Following 4 Users Say Thank You to efrant For This Useful Post: [ Click to Expand ]
Tags
efrant, flash factory image, return to stock, root
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes