I had the same problem someone else had with the battery that I charged first using the wall charger showing 0% when I tried to use it.
The battery that I first put into my phone charged fully in the phone and is showing 1578mah with no issues and I got nearly 23 hours of charge off of that one with moderate use and still have 26% left over, but decided to change out for the fresh one before going to work.
However, once I booted up and it said 0% and shut down, I plugged in the charge cable to the phone and it is now showing full like the other. We'll see if it magically drains in 10 seconds, but I think it'll be just fine. As an aside, I still have Juice Defender running at the most basic setting.
I'm definitely digging the new batteries, as the original one for the phone was definitely old and I was struggling with harsh settings in Juice Defender to get more than 16 hours out of it.
Previous phones: Samsung GS3 -- LG Nitro HD -- HTC Inspire 4G -- Motorola Atrix 4G -- Samsung Captivate -- iPhone 3gs
Current Phone: HTC One X running CM10 or ViperXL