So the first thing I did was get to work on re-flashing the device. I started back with the original OS from Google's stock ROMs. Fastboot worked great, but I was still facing the same problem on first run of the device. The wifi simply would not enable. After this, however, the recovery menu seemed to have fixed itself. Through this I did a reset process as well...with no results.
The last thing I tried, which restored basic functionality to the device, was installing the Paranoid Android custom ROM. At this point, you could access regular apps and other things. I reinstalled the Gapps and the device was back to normal, with the exception of the wifi. The wifi is a big reason we use the tablet. It would be preferable to find a fix, as we would rather not have to replace something that only has one problem.
As of now, the device is rooted, with superuser on Paranoid Android 4.4.2.
Anyways, I really hope there's a solution to this. It's a great tablet.