C# with Unity: Good to start building game faster.
I'd recommend to take a look at Unity (C#), which was already mentioned and Cocos2D-x (C++).
However, if you're developing a game that is very similar to chess, I'd recommend you to start by reviewing existing code that can help you with making this kind of game (e.g. open-source chess games, libraries and so on). And for some reason I guess you'll find most of them written in C++, so maybe Cocos2D-x is a better candidate.