3. Mobile Application Extensions and Small intro about Android Platform.
Below are some Mobile Platforms given with respective File Extensions
1. Android - .apk (Android application package file)
2. Iphone - .ipa (iOS application archive file)
3. Symbian - .sis (Software Installation Script)
4. J2ME - .jad and .jar (Java Application Descriptor and Java ARchive)
5. RIM - .alx and .cod
6. Windows Mobile - .cab
7. Bada - .jad and .jar (Java Application Descriptor and Java ARchive)
Testing Purpose we should have to know about the android architecture as well as about Android Versions. Details On this discussed below:
Architecture of Android:
Android operating system is a stack of software components which is roughly divided into five sections and four main layers as shown below in the architecture diagram:
At the bottom of the layers is Linux - Linux 2.6 with approximately 115 patches. This provides basic system functionality like process management, memory management, device management like camera, keypad, display etc. Also, the kernel handles all the things that Linux is really good at such as networking and a vast array of device drivers, which take the pain out of interfacing to peripheral hardware.
On top of Linux kernel there is a set of libraries including open-source Web browser engine WebKit, well known library libc, SQLite database which is a useful repository for storage and sharing of application data, libraries to play and record audio and video, SSL libraries responsible for Internet security etc.
This is the third section of the architecture and available on the second layer from the bottom. This section provides a key component called Dalvik Virtual Machine which is a kind of Java Virtual Machine specially designed and optimized for Android.
The Dalvik VM makes use of Linux core features like memory management and multi-threading, which is intrinsic in the Java language. The Dalvik VM enables every Android application to run in its own process, with its own instance of the Dalvik virtual machine.
The Android runtime also provides a set of core libraries which enable Android application developers to write Android applications using standard Java programming language.
The Application Framework layer provides many higher-level services to applications in the form of Java classes. Application developers are allowed to make use of these services in their applications.
You will find all the Android application at the top layer. You will write your application to be installed on this layer only. Examples of such applications are Contacts Books, Browser, Games etc.
Android Application Activity Lifecycle
The life cycle of an activity with main methods as shown below:
This is the first callback and called when the activity is first created.
This callback is called when the activity becomes visible to the user.
This is called when the user starts interacting with the application.
The paused activity does not receive user input and cannot execute any code and called when the current activity is being paused and the previous activity is being resumed.
This callback is called when the activity is no longer visible.
This callback is called before the activity is destroyed by the system.
This callback is called when the activity restarts after stopping it.
If you know this much it is enough to Go ahead with Mobile application testing in Android platform.