Please check the following points if you don't know how to use the features of the kernel or you are facing any kind of issues.
1. Kernel Features
1.1 Smartreflex (Turn ON/OFF, adjust min/max range)
1.2 Live OC (Realtime Overclocking)
1.3 Custom Voltage (EMIF)
1.4 GPU Overclock & GPU Governor (UPDATED)
1.5 Gamma Control
1.6 Battery Friend
1.7 Suspend Governor (CURRENTLY DISABLED)
1.8 IVA Overclock
1.9 DPLL Cascading
1.1 How can I change the smartreflex minimum/maximum voltage
What is Smartreflex?
SR is compareable with an CPU governor but not for scaling frequencies but for voltages. That means SR has a fixed range of voltage (min/max) and calculates the optimal voltage for each CPU frequency. In example on light use of the CPU it scales down to lower voltage - on heavy use it can sclae to higher voltage. This is an efficient system to save power! Compared to EMIF which uses the hardcoded voltages it saves more power because it's variable. EMIF cannot vary between the values.
This interface has a hardcoded range of 830mV min to 1450mV max. Usually there is no need to adjust these values but irt can be usefull in example when using high overclocked frequencies above 1,5ghz! Usually SR cannot handle frequencies above 1,5ghz and I have hardcoded the maximum range of 1,45mV which should allow SR to handle it. In prior times the users had to turn off SR when OCing above 1,5ghz which causes the CPU to eat more power. But you can try around and report your results.
CAUTION: Don't raise the maximum SR voltage too high! It can burn your board = no phone anymore! I recommend to not use higher values than 1490mV! As already mentioned: THe default value should be enough!
ANd also: USUALLY THERE IS NO NEED TO CHANGE ANYTHING ON SR! IF YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT YOU'RE DOING, PLEASE LEAVE IT ALONE!
Ok, now let's see how to do this:
Turn ON/OFF SR
1. Open Trickster Mod
2. Head to the "Specific section"
3. Scroll down to "Smartreflex"
4. You can toggle ON/OFF SR for each component (IVA, CORE, MPU)
Usually I recommend to keep SR ON because it saves power! But in some cases when overclocking the CPU (MPU) the device could freeze - whether you OCed too much or SR couldn't handle the frequency! In this case you can try to raise the vmax value of SR a little bit
(CAREFULLY!) and try again. If it sitll freezes and you're sure that you didn't OC too much, turn SR OFF at least for MPU!
Currently there is no app which supports the feature of adjusting the SR vmax value, because I wrote this feature some days ago.
But in the next Trickster Mod version this option will be supported!
# To read the current vmax value. Replace XXX
with one of the following:
sc_core - for core max sr voltage
sr_iva - for iva max sr voltage
sr_mpu - for mpu max sr voltage (mpu is most related for CPU scaling)
# You will get an output, e.g. for mpu = 1450000 (1450mV)
# To set a new value, do the following command (replace XXX
with a value like above - BE CAREFUL! USUALLY THE DEFAULT VALUE ENOUGH AND YOU CAN LEAVE IT UNTOUCHED
echo XXX > /sys/kernel/debug/smartreflex/XXX/vmax
It's easy because Trickster Mod supports it!
1. Open Trickster Mod
2. Head to the "Specific section"
3. Scroll down to "Smartreflex"
4. Below each SR component (IVA, CORE, MPU) there is displayed a value (usually 830 default) which means this is the lowest scalable voltage for this component. You can try to decrease this value for the case you want to UV a bit more - or raise it a bit for the case you think that the set range is too low and causes freezes on your device.
1.2 How do I use Live OC (Live OVerclock)?
This feature allows you to overclock the CPU in realtime. It works with a multiplier value set by the user. The default multplier value is "100", which means: No OC! If you want to raise the OC frerquency, just raise this value step by step.
FOr my device the maximum working OC value is "111" which means the maximum frequency is running at 1498mhz!
NOTE: Keep in mind that you tunr Smartreflex OFF for higher freqs than 1500mhz - or raise the maximum SR voltage range for "MPU" a little bit and test if it works.
Ok, how to use Live oC in action:
Open Trickster Mod App and swipe to the tab "Specific". There you will find something like this:
DON'T TOUCH THE "CORE OC" SECTION, IT WILL CAUSE FREEZES!
Now slowly increase the value "100" to something higher, e.g. "105". Tap the hook in the right upper corner to confirm
. To see your new set of frequencies you can now whether close and restart Trickster Mod or just use any monitoring app like Cool Tool which will show your frequencies in real time. That's it!
CAUTION: You can damage your phone forever!!!! This feature allows you to set very high frequencies (also up to 2,0ghz...) - That DOESN'T mean that your phone can run these frequencies!
If your phone freezes or crashes you have probably set too high OC - or your voltage is too low.
1.3 How do I use Custom Voltage (EMIF)?
NOTE: This only adjusts the fixed voltage! When you have Smartreflex ON it can still vary! You have to see the bigger picture: This voltage value sets the "middle point" for voltages. Smartreflex is still able to increase or decrease the voltage. When Smartreflex is OFF the CPU will stay on this voltage you set here and probably eats also more power.
How does EMIF works together with Smartreflex:
| CPU |
|Voltage 1015 mV | ---->| SMARTREFLEX ON| = 1015mV +/- "vmax"/"vmin"
|SMARTREFLEX OFF| ----> 1015mV FIXED! No changes!
Thi smeans if you change the voltage for a scaling step (OPP) while SR is ON, SR will adjust the voltage from this value, means: mV-Value +/- SR vmin/vmax. WHen SR is OFF it will stay on this mV as a fixed value.
How to adjust the voltage?
Well, this feature can be used with all generic apps which are supporting voltage settings. But we are prepared well, you can adjust voltages also with the "Trickster Mod App".
When you open the app, head to the tab "Specific" and below the "Live OC Section" you will find your voltage table, which looks like this:
Now just tap the arrows in the right upper above the first voltage value and just type or tap (per direction) a value, e.g. "-25". To apply it, confirm by tapping the hook in the right upper corner of your screen. That's it, your new voltage values are now set and applied. And also mind here: If your phone freezes you porbably have set it too low.
CAUTION: NEVER SET HIGHER VOLTAGE THAN 1490mv here!!!!! Or you might damage your phone FOREVER!
This voltage is not the same like Smartreflex! But it's still voltage! Just be carefull!!
1.4 How can I use GPU OC and GPU Governor?
GPU Overclock doesn't work like Live OC! You cannot really set custom frequencies for the GPU, but you can select and set the maximum frequency from a hardcoded range!
For the GPU there are the following available frequencies:
- 154mhz (FIXED!)
The minimum frequency of 154 is FIXED! This means you cannot change it because the GPU needs a minimum speed to run with. But the kernel allows you to select the maximum speed. This can be usefull for playing games and also for saving power . In example when not playing games you don't need the GPU to run at 416mhz! Set it to 307mhz in this case and save power.
When you open Trcikster Mod and head to the "specific section tab", you will find "GPU MAX FREQUENCY" and it's currently set maximum frequency. Tap on it to select your preferred one:
- 154 Mhz
- 307 MHz
- 384 MHz
That's it. The new setting will be your new maximum GPU frequency.
Below there's another option called "GPU Governor". Just tap on it and select your prefered one.
NOTE: If you want to track current GPU frequencies and watch governor's behavior, just switch to Trickster's "Informations" - Tab and watch the frequencies clock.
1.5 How can I use Gamma Control?
What is gamma? The gamma setting sets the color range for the screen. You can compare it to the contrast. We all know that the touchscreen eats most of the power compaerd to all other components in a smartphone! A lower brightness causes less power consumption and a lower gamma or contrast range alos helps a little bit to save power.
In this kernel you can choose from a range of "5 - 10" while "5" is very bright while "10" is very dark. The default setting is "5" BUT CAUTION: Trickster Mod will display a range of "0" to "10" and the default setting will be shown as "0". This is caused by the fact that this feature was ported from the Gnex device where you can choose from a higher range. The only sideeffect is that the values "0" - "5" won't show any difference.
How to set the gamma value?
Well, once again open Trickster Mod and swipe to the tab on the right end. Just select your preferred value by using the slider.
Alternately you can use sysfs by terminal or adb:
OMAP Gamma interface:
echo i > /sys/devices/platform/omapdss/manager0/gamma
Replace i with 0-10 of your choice.
1.6 What is "Battery Friend and how to use it?
Battery Friend is a simple toggle (ON/OFF) which sets your device into a battery friendly mode without the need to play with all settings in Trickster Mod /sysfs until you find a good setting. In fact it does the job for you.
What does it affect?
NOTE: Doesn't lock anyx frequencies anymore!
How to toggle Battery Friend:
- locks dynamic Fsync enabled
- locks Fsync disabled
- Doesn't allow any OC (Live OC will not have any effect, Core OC is not allowed in this kernel)
- Increases the dirty ratio interval to 90% (starts working at this value)
- Enables Dynamic Hotplug: This doesn't allow hotplugging during device is active - and it will always turn CPU1 OFF during suspend! It also prevents from conflicts when user uses a hotplug governor (which isn't a good idea though) - but hotplug governors are causing higher battery drain!
- Dynamic Page-writeback always enabled
For now the only way is via terminal, adb shell or root explorer (text editor)
For terminal and adb:
For Root Explorer
echo 1 > sys/kernel/battery_friend/battery_friend_active /* Enable */
echo 0 > sys/kernel/battery_friend/battery_friend_active /* Disable */
1.7 Suspend Governor Control (CURRENTLY DISABLED)
- Open Root Explorer
- Navigate to sys/kernel/battery_friend/
- Open "battery_friend_active" with Text Editor
- Change "0" to "1" and safe the file to enable
- Change "1" to "0" and safe the file to disable
Suspend Governor Control is a kernel module written by me. You can use it to set your preferred Screen-Off-governor.
For now it's only supported by sysfs (Trickster Mod will support all my current and upcoming features as soon as it gets updated with its new UI mode!
How to set suspend governor
Open a terminal or use adb shell
echo "x" > /sys/kernel/suspend_gov/suspend_gov
with one of these values:
No matter what governor you use for suspend mode, if Battery Friend is enabled the second core will be turned off during suspend!
1.8 IVA Overclock
What is IVA OC?
IVA OPPs are controlling the CPU load for sound events. It could be useful (in some cases) when you get sound related laggs. Just set the maximum frequency to highspeed. This will allow more CPU power for sound events but also will cause higher battery consumption.
How to use IVA OC?
If you want to check the current IVA frequency. Just type in Terminal or ADB:
You will get an output like this:
2. You can whether enable IVA highspeed: 130 - 430 Mhz ["1"] or enable IVA normal speed: 130 - 332 Mhz ["0"]
320 Mhz max: echo "0" > sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/iva_freq_oc
430 Mhz max: echo "1" > sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/iva_freq_oc
1.9 DPLL Cascading
DPLL: Davis–Putnam–Logemann–Loveland (DPLL) algorithm
To get more info about this please see wiki
But to sum it up shortly: It helps to use/stream media (music) in a low power mode.
DPLL Cascading will be available to be switched easily via Trickster Mod App soon!
How to switch DPLL?
DPLL is ENABLED by default!
Open Trickster Mod -> Speicific Tab --> DPLL (soon)
echo 0 > /sys/kernel/dpll/dpll_active
echo 1 > /sys/kernel/dpll/dpll_active
2. If anyone has the following issues:
Media Process FC
No SD-Card in File Explorer
My CPU Settings (frequencies, etc) won't be saved (it sets itself back to Kernel default after screen off)
My phone freezes/reboots always when I try to set options in Trickster Mod
The device is lagging very hard
Media FC: Open App settings, head to "Download Manager" and "Media Storage" and hit the "delete data" button. Reboot. Now it shouldn't give any FCs anymore and after a little bit of waiting it will find all Media (Pictures, Videos, etc..)
No SD-Card: Reboot into recovery, go to "Mounts & Storage", tick "mount int" or "mount ext".
USB: Make sure the screen is ON while plugging the cable in.
CPU Settings: This is a bug which cannot be solved at the moment. Temporary solution: In Trickster Mod just activate the "Frequency Lock" and your settings will persist.
Trickster Mod:: Open App settings, Trickster Mod and select "uninstal updates". Now it should work.
Crashes, Freezes, lagging, something doesn't work, etc
There are too many reasons which could cause crashes! So here is a checklist for you to look for. Check each point and try the following workaround:
- Your rom has CPU tweaks (e.g. Kernel modules, init.d folder, etc)
- You have set custom CPU settings (e.g. custom frequencies with apps like No-Frills CPU Control, Set-CPU, Antutu, etc...)
- You have undervolted too low
- You have overclocked too high
- You have applied higher "Core OC" value in Trickster Mod App
- You are running any other kernel tweaks which are regarding to the CPU and/or performance (e.g. Kernel modules by Whirleyes eventually set by init.d, etc..)
- After setting some settings (e.g. in Trickster Mod) your device doesn't boot anymore
- adb doesn't work / shows only "device offline"
- You are facing hard lagging
If any point here matches your setting, please revert from it:
- Remove any CPU init.d script from /System/etc/init.d
- Uninstall any CPU controling app (e.g. Set-CPU, No-Frills, etc..)
- Remove all extra kernel modules from system/lib/modules (e.g. cpu_control.ko, cpufreq_smartass2.ko, etc..)
- Unset any custom settings from any other kernel / CPU - tweaking app which is NOT Trickster Mod
- Maybe your governor causes issues. Hotplug is know for bugs at the moment...I'm going to fix it..
- NEVER set your CPU Settings (e.g. in Trickster Mod App) on boot!!!! - before you aren't sure that your settings are safe!!!
- You may flash the kernel again after reverting related settings
- to make adb work / show device online, download latest SDK platform-tools and confirm access on device (4.2 security feature of Android)
- Don't use any task killers, memory killers, seeder apps! They may conflict with the kernel/Rom settings.
If none of these suggestions work for you your rom may be incompatible. Please report it here that I can add the rom to the list of imcompatible roms
If you have any issue, please read this:
- is it really a kernel issue?
- did I see this bug with the roms original kernel?
- what are the people in the rom thread saying?
- what are the people in the kernel thread saying?
- can I find this issue on a bug list?
- how about my settings? Is it my fault it crashed?
- can I find something useful in the kernel FAQ?
- Is it maybe a well known issue and can be solved
withing seconds? Just like wifical.sh?
- Where to repeat that issue? Rom or kernel?
I know it's sometimes difficult to track the issues, and we can't know for sure if it's caused by the rom or by the kernel, but if you try at least to get some information you might find an answer sometimes. If you are able to understand logs, you may report whatever you find.
All this helps to keep the threads more clear. Thank you.