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[TUTORIAL] The updater-script completely explained

25th July 2013, 12:32 PM   |  #1  
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Hi all XDA Members
This is not at all an updater-script guide but an explanation

Example of updater-script:

Code:
assert(getprop("ro.product.device") == "janice" || getprop("ro.build.product") == "janice" || 
       getprop("ro.product.device") == "i9070" || getprop("ro.build.product") == "i9070" || 
       getprop("ro.product.device") == "GT-I9070" || getprop("ro.build.product") == "GT-I9070");
mount("ext4", "EMMC", "/dev/block/mmcblk0p3", "/system");
package_extract_file("system/bin/backuptool.sh", "/tmp/backuptool.sh");
package_extract_file("system/bin/backuptool.functions", "/tmp/backuptool.functions");
set_perm(0, 0, 0777, "/tmp/backuptool.sh");
set_perm(0, 0, 0644, "/tmp/backuptool.functions");
run_program("/tmp/backuptool.sh", "backup");
unmount("/system");
show_progress(0.500000, 0);
unmount("/system");
format("ext4", "EMMC", "/dev/block/mmcblk0p3", "0", "/system");
mount("ext4", "EMMC", "/dev/block/mmcblk0p3", "/system");
package_extract_dir("recovery", "/system");
package_extract_dir("system", "/system");
symlink("/system/xbin/su", "/system/bin/su");
symlink("Roboto-Bold.ttf", "/system/fonts/DroidSans-Bold.ttf");
symlink("Roboto-Regular.ttf", "/system/fonts/DroidSans.ttf");
symlink("busybox", "/system/xbin/[", "/system/xbin/[[",
        "/system/xbin/adjtimex", "/system/xbin/arp", "/system/xbin/ash",
        "/system/xbin/awk", "/system/xbin/base64", "/system/xbin/basename",
        "/system/xbin/bbconfig", "/system/xbin/blkid", "/system/xbin/blockdev",
        "/system/xbin/brctl", "/system/xbin/bunzip2", "/system/xbin/bzcat",
        "/system/xbin/bzip2", "/system/xbin/cal", "/system/xbin/cat",
        "/system/xbin/catv", "/system/xbin/chattr", "/system/xbin/chgrp",
        "/system/xbin/chmod", "/system/xbin/chown", "/system/xbin/chroot",
        "/system/xbin/clear", "/system/xbin/cmp", "/system/xbin/comm",
        "/system/xbin/cp", "/system/xbin/cpio", "/system/xbin/crond",
        "/system/xbin/crontab", "/system/xbin/cut", "/system/xbin/date",
        "/system/xbin/dc", "/system/xbin/dd", "/system/xbin/depmod",
        "/system/xbin/devmem", "/system/xbin/df", "/system/xbin/diff",
        "/system/xbin/dirname", "/system/xbin/dmesg", "/system/xbin/dnsd",
        "/system/xbin/dos2unix", "/system/xbin/du", "/system/xbin/echo",
        "/system/xbin/ed", "/system/xbin/egrep", "/system/xbin/env",
        "/system/xbin/expand", "/system/xbin/expr", "/system/xbin/false",
        "/system/xbin/fbsplash", "/system/xbin/fdisk", "/system/xbin/fgrep",
        "/system/xbin/find", "/system/xbin/flash_lock",
        "/system/xbin/flash_unlock", "/system/xbin/flashcp",
        "/system/xbin/flock", "/system/xbin/fold", "/system/xbin/free",
        "/system/xbin/freeramdisk", "/system/xbin/fstrim", "/system/xbin/fsync",
        "/system/xbin/ftpget", "/system/xbin/ftpput", "/system/xbin/fuser",
        "/system/xbin/getopt", "/system/xbin/grep", "/system/xbin/groups",
        "/system/xbin/gunzip", "/system/xbin/gzip", "/system/xbin/halt",
        "/system/xbin/head", "/system/xbin/hexdump", "/system/xbin/id",
        "/system/xbin/ifconfig", "/system/xbin/inetd", "/system/xbin/insmod",
        "/system/xbin/install", "/system/xbin/ionice", "/system/xbin/iostat",
        "/system/xbin/ip", "/system/xbin/kill", "/system/xbin/killall",
        "/system/xbin/killall5", "/system/xbin/less", "/system/xbin/ln",
        "/system/xbin/losetup", "/system/xbin/ls", "/system/xbin/lsattr",
        "/system/xbin/lsmod", "/system/xbin/lsusb", "/system/xbin/lzcat",
        "/system/xbin/lzma", "/system/xbin/lzop", "/system/xbin/lzopcat",
        "/system/xbin/man", "/system/xbin/md5sum", "/system/xbin/mesg",
        "/system/xbin/mkdir", "/system/xbin/mke2fs", "/system/xbin/mkfifo",
        "/system/xbin/mkfs.ext2", "/system/xbin/mkfs.vfat",
        "/system/xbin/mknod", "/system/xbin/mkswap", "/system/xbin/mktemp",
        "/system/xbin/modinfo", "/system/xbin/modprobe", "/system/xbin/more",
        "/system/xbin/mount", "/system/xbin/mountpoint", "/system/xbin/mpstat",
        "/system/xbin/mv", "/system/xbin/nanddump", "/system/xbin/nandwrite",
        "/system/xbin/nbd-client", "/system/xbin/netstat", "/system/xbin/nice",
        "/system/xbin/nohup", "/system/xbin/nslookup", "/system/xbin/ntpd",
        "/system/xbin/od", "/system/xbin/patch", "/system/xbin/pgrep",
        "/system/xbin/pidof", "/system/xbin/ping", "/system/xbin/pipe_progress",
        "/system/xbin/pkill", "/system/xbin/pmap", "/system/xbin/poweroff",
        "/system/xbin/printenv", "/system/xbin/printf", "/system/xbin/ps",
        "/system/xbin/pstree", "/system/xbin/pwd", "/system/xbin/pwdx",
        "/system/xbin/rdev", "/system/xbin/readlink", "/system/xbin/realpath",
        "/system/xbin/renice", "/system/xbin/reset", "/system/xbin/resize",
        "/system/xbin/rev", "/system/xbin/rm", "/system/xbin/rmdir",
        "/system/xbin/rmmod", "/system/xbin/route", "/system/xbin/run-parts",
        "/system/xbin/rx", "/system/xbin/sed", "/system/xbin/seq",
        "/system/xbin/setconsole", "/system/xbin/setserial",
        "/system/xbin/setsid", "/system/xbin/sh", "/system/xbin/sha1sum",
        "/system/xbin/sha256sum", "/system/xbin/sha3sum",
        "/system/xbin/sha512sum", "/system/xbin/sleep", "/system/xbin/sort",
        "/system/xbin/split", "/system/xbin/stat", "/system/xbin/strings",
        "/system/xbin/stty", "/system/xbin/sum", "/system/xbin/swapoff",
        "/system/xbin/swapon", "/system/xbin/sync", "/system/xbin/sysctl",
        "/system/xbin/tac", "/system/xbin/tail", "/system/xbin/tar",
        "/system/xbin/taskset", "/system/xbin/tee", "/system/xbin/telnet",
        "/system/xbin/telnetd", "/system/xbin/test", "/system/xbin/tftp",
        "/system/xbin/tftpd", "/system/xbin/time", "/system/xbin/timeout",
        "/system/xbin/top", "/system/xbin/touch", "/system/xbin/tr",
        "/system/xbin/traceroute", "/system/xbin/true", "/system/xbin/ttysize",
        "/system/xbin/tune2fs", "/system/xbin/umount", "/system/xbin/uname",
        "/system/xbin/uncompress", "/system/xbin/unexpand", "/system/xbin/uniq",
        "/system/xbin/unix2dos", "/system/xbin/unlzma", "/system/xbin/unlzop",
        "/system/xbin/unxz", "/system/xbin/unzip", "/system/xbin/uptime",
        "/system/xbin/usleep", "/system/xbin/uudecode", "/system/xbin/uuencode",
        "/system/xbin/vi", "/system/xbin/watch", "/system/xbin/wc",
        "/system/xbin/wget", "/system/xbin/which", "/system/xbin/whoami",
        "/system/xbin/xargs", "/system/xbin/xz", "/system/xbin/xzcat",
        "/system/xbin/yes",
        "/system/xbin/zcat");
symlink("mksh", "/system/bin/sh");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/cat", "/system/bin/chmod",
        "/system/bin/chown", "/system/bin/cmp", "/system/bin/cp",
        "/system/bin/date", "/system/bin/dd", "/system/bin/df",
        "/system/bin/dmesg", "/system/bin/du", "/system/bin/getevent",
        "/system/bin/getprop", "/system/bin/grep", "/system/bin/hd",
        "/system/bin/id", "/system/bin/ifconfig", "/system/bin/iftop",
        "/system/bin/insmod", "/system/bin/ioctl", "/system/bin/ionice",
        "/system/bin/kill", "/system/bin/ln", "/system/bin/log",
        "/system/bin/ls", "/system/bin/lsmod", "/system/bin/lsof",
        "/system/bin/md5", "/system/bin/mkdir", "/system/bin/mount",
        "/system/bin/mv", "/system/bin/nandread", "/system/bin/netstat",
        "/system/bin/newfs_msdos", "/system/bin/notify", "/system/bin/printenv",
        "/system/bin/ps", "/system/bin/r", "/system/bin/reboot",
        "/system/bin/renice", "/system/bin/restart", "/system/bin/rm",
        "/system/bin/rmdir", "/system/bin/rmmod", "/system/bin/route",
        "/system/bin/schedtop", "/system/bin/sendevent",
        "/system/bin/setconsole", "/system/bin/setprop", "/system/bin/sleep",
        "/system/bin/smd", "/system/bin/start", "/system/bin/stop",
        "/system/bin/sync", "/system/bin/top", "/system/bin/touch",
        "/system/bin/umount", "/system/bin/uptime", "/system/bin/vmstat",
        "/system/bin/watchprops",
        "/system/bin/wipe");
set_perm_recursive(0, 0, 0755, 0644, "/system");
set_perm_recursive(0, 0, 0755, 0755, "/system/addon.d");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0755, "/system/bin");
set_perm(0, 3003, 02750, "/system/bin/netcfg");
set_perm(0, 3004, 02755, "/system/bin/ping");
set_perm(0, 2000, 06750, "/system/bin/run-as");
set_perm(1002, 1002, 0440, "/system/etc/dbus.conf");
set_perm(1014, 2000, 0550, "/system/etc/dhcpcd/dhcpcd-run-hooks");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0755, "/system/etc/init.d");
set_perm(0, 0, 0755, "/system/etc/init.d");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0550, "/system/etc/init.goldfish.sh");
set_perm_recursive(0, 0, 0755, 0555, "/system/etc/ppp");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0755, "/system/vendor");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0755, "/system/vendor/etc");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0755, "/system/vendor/firmware");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0644, "/system/vendor/lib");
set_perm(0, 0, 0644, "/system/vendor/lib/libbt-vendor.so");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0755, "/system/xbin");
set_perm(0, 0, 06755, "/system/xbin/librank");
set_perm(0, 0, 06755, "/system/xbin/procmem");
set_perm(0, 0, 06755, "/system/xbin/procrank");
set_perm(0, 0, 06755, "/system/xbin/su");
show_progress(0.200000, 0);
show_progress(0.200000, 10);
package_extract_file("system/bin/backuptool.sh", "/tmp/backuptool.sh");
package_extract_file("system/bin/backuptool.functions", "/tmp/backuptool.functions");
set_perm(0, 0, 0777, "/tmp/backuptool.sh");
set_perm(0, 0, 0644, "/tmp/backuptool.functions");
run_program("/tmp/backuptool.sh", "restore");
delete("/system/bin/backuptool.sh");
delete("/system/bin/backuptool.functions");
show_progress(0.200000, 10);
assert(package_extract_file("boot.img", "/tmp/boot.img"),
       write_raw_image("/tmp/boot.img", "/dev/block/mmcblk0p15"),
       delete("/tmp/boot.img"));
show_progress(0.100000, 0);
unmount("/system");
Quote:

1. getprop

Quote:

The assert getprop lines aren't a must but their use is to make a safer installation.
Example: This updater-script is for GT-I9070 so with that lines it will check in build.prop if product name matches.
If "ro.product.device is janice, i9070 or GT-I9070 the installation will continue. If not it will abort.

Quote:

2. mount

Quote:

Mount command will mount a partition as something.
Example: For GT-I9070 the /system partition is dev/block/mmcblk0p3
The partitions change device by device.

Quote:

3. package_extract_file

Quote:

This line extracts a specific file contained in the zip to a specific directory.
Example: This updater-script extracts backuptool.sh to the temporary directory /tmp

Quote:

4. set_perm

Quote:

These lines are needed to give the correct permissions to the files extracted.
Example: backuptool.sh needs 777 permission to be executed correctly.

Quote:

5. run_program

Quote:

This line execute a bash script (*.sh).
Example: backuptool.sh will be executed then after it will close itself and the updater-script will continue.

Quote:

6. unmount

Quote:

This command will unmount the specificated partition.
Example: In this case it will unmount system partition.

Quote:

7. format

Quote:

This command will format the specificated partition.
Example: This updater-script will format system partition. it needs to be unmounted before being formatted.

Quote:

8. package_extract_dir

Quote:

This command extracts a specificated folder to another folder.
Example: This updater-script extracts system folder to system partition.

Quote:

9. symlink

Quote:

This command links executable files to a file.
Example: busybox contains a lot of commands but they are all separated binaries that are linked to busybox binary by the symlinks.

Quote:

10. set_perm_recursive

Quote:

This command is the same as set_perm but for folders
Example: is used to set permissions of the folder system/etc/init.d

Quote:

11 . delete

Quote:

This command deletes a file
Example: In this updater-script is used to delete backuptool.sh.

Quote:

12. delete_recursive

Quote:

Same as delete but for folders

Last edited by KINGbabasula; 7th November 2013 at 06:42 PM.
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25th July 2013, 12:32 PM   |  #2  
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Aroma Installer

Folder structure:

Blue = Folders
Black = Files

META-INF
|--com
|..|--google
|.....|--android
|........|--aroma
|........|..|--exec_demo < Little executables to sleep or take a screenshot
|........|..|--fonts < Fonts: There must be a "small.png" for lowercase and a "big.png"
|........|..|--icons < The icons that will be showed if called by the aroma-config
|........|..|--langs < It may contain translations
|........|..|--splash < The splash image/s that are showed at the start as static or animation if called by aroma-config
|........|..|--themes < Can be chosen from the aroma-config
|........|..|--ttf < Fonts
|........|..|--unicode < Chinese and Cyrillic
|........|--aroma-config < File that controls the installation
|........|--update-binary < Executable
|........|--update-binary-installer < Executable
|........|--updater-script < File that controls the installation
|--CERT.RSA < Sign files
|--CERT.SF < Sign files
|--MANIFEST.MF < Sign files


Will come soon...
Last edited by KINGbabasula; 26th July 2013 at 08:11 AM.
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25th July 2013, 12:33 PM   |  #3  
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Reserved 2
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12th September 2013, 07:52 PM   |  #4  
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This is awesome! thanks!
12th September 2013, 08:18 PM   |  #5  
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Thanks for creating this guide. I've featured on the XDA Portal.
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12th September 2013, 08:48 PM   |  #6  
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I am lucky because I really needed help, this may not be so related but I made my Rom using Android Kitchen, but I get the Status 0 ERROR which is related to the '' updater-script '' as described in the original thread

Status 0 might be two things: 1) You used an update-script (Amend format, which is very old) when you should be using an updater-script (Edify format), or the other way around; OR 2) Your updater-script is using the "MTD" partition type when mounting a partition rather than another type such as EMMC (and thus, you need the device defined under the kitchen's /tools/edify_defs folder).

do you have any clue for this buddy ? none of the 2 solutions above worked for me.

Thanks again, and sorry if it's not so related to your thread!
12th September 2013, 08:59 PM   |  #7  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Kurotsuchi

I am lucky because I really needed help, this may not be so related but I made my Rom using Android Kitchen, but I get the Status 0 ERROR which is related to the '' updater-script '' as described in the original thread

Status 0 might be two things: 1) You used an update-script (Amend format, which is very old) when you should be using an updater-script (Edify format), or the other way around; OR 2) Your updater-script is using the "MTD" partition type when mounting a partition rather than another type such as EMMC (and thus, you need the device defined under the kitchen's /tools/edify_defs folder).

do you have any clue for this buddy ? none of the 2 solutions above worked for me.

Thanks again, and sorry if it's not so related to your thread!

Please post your updater script here and i will take a look at it

Inviato dal mio GT-I9070 con Tapatalk 2
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13th September 2013, 05:44 AM   |  #8  
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Extremely HQ thread. Btw a typo in the 9th point. bynaries -> binaries.
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13th September 2013, 08:43 AM   |  #9  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by KINGbabasula

Please post your updater script here and i will take a look at it

Inviato dal mio GT-I9070 con Tapatalk 2

Thanks for the answer buddy, here it's, ( this is for Galaxy note 8.0 ) my previous phones rom didn't have this problem because it was NOT using
MTD.


Quote:

show_progress(0.1, 0);
format("MTD", "system");
mount("MTD", "system", "/system");
package_extract_dir("system", "/system");
symlink("mksh", "/system/bin/sh");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/vmstat");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/rmdir");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/lsof");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/umount");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/log");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/setconsole");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/ioctl");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/touch");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/playback");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/id");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/start");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/getevent");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/insmod");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/top");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/notify");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/setprop");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/ionice");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/ln");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/kill");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/cat");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/chmod");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/watchprops");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/mkdir");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/touchinput");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/rmmod");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/renice");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/date");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/iftop");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/stop");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/schedtop");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/uptime");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/route");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/cmp");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/rm");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/wipe");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/chown");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/df");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/nandread");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/dd");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/sendevent");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/smd");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/getprop");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/ls");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/ps");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/printenv");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/newfs_msdos");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/mv");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/hd");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/md5");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/lsmod");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/dmesg");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/sleep");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/netstat");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/reboot");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/ifconfig");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/sync");
symlink("toolbox", "/system/bin/mount");
set_perm_recursive(0, 0, 0755, 0644, "/system");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0755, "/system/bin");
set_perm(0, 3003, 06755, "/system/bin/ip");
set_perm(0, 3003, 02750, "/system/bin/netcfg");
set_perm(0, 3004, 02755, "/system/bin/ping");
set_perm(0, 2000, 06750, "/system/bin/run-as");
set_perm_recursive(1002, 1002, 0755, 0440, "/system/etc/bluetooth");
set_perm(0, 0, 0755, "/system/etc/bluetooth");
set_perm(1000, 1000, 0640, "/system/etc/bluetooth/auto_pairing.conf");
set_perm(3002, 3002, 0444, "/system/etc/bluetooth/blacklist.conf");
set_perm(1002, 1002, 0440, "/system/etc/dbus.conf");
set_perm(1014, 2000, 0550, "/system/etc/dhcpcd/dhcpcd-run-hooks");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0550, "/system/etc/init.goldfish.sh");
set_perm_recursive(0, 0, 0755, 0555, "/system/etc/ppp");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0644, "/system/vendor");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0644, "/system/vendor/etc");
set_perm_recursive(0, 0, 0755, 0644, "/system/vendor/firmware");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0755, "/system/vendor/firmware");
set_perm(0, 2000, 0755, "/system/vendor/lib");
set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0755, 0755, "/system/xbin");
set_perm(0, 1000, 0755, "/system/xbin/busybox");
symlink("/system/xbin/busybox", "/system/bin/busybox");
run_program("/system/xbin/busybox", "--install", "-s", "/system/xbin");
set_perm(0, 0, 06755, "/system/xbin/su");
symlink("/system/xbin/su", "/system/bin/su");
show_progress(0.1, 10);
show_progress(0.2, 0);
assert(package_extract_file("boot.img", "/tmp/boot.img"),
write_raw_image("/tmp/boot.img", "boot"),
delete("/tmp/boot.img"));
show_progress(0.2, 10);
unmount("/system");

13th September 2013, 10:40 AM   |  #10  
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Thanx for the perfect tuto .

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