I know that there a lot of guides out there which help you in creating logcat reports.
As there are so many and not one of them was good enough for my requirements I decided to create an own simple guide where I can refer to..
Windows & Linux: Log to a file (recommended way!)
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Alternative: Windows & Linux: Log to terminal window
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Trouble, connection or other issues
If you encounter any issues consider to try FWUL which is made for a stable and out-of-the-box working android connection