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[Kernel][surnia] Squid Kernel for Moto E LTE (2015)

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By squid2, Recognized Developer on 4th April 2015, 07:44 AM
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This is my Squid Kernel for the 2015 Moto E LTE. It's based off the stock kernel available on Motorola's GitHub. Flash it using TWRP. Bug reports and contributions are welcome.

This is a development thread. Questions should go in the Q&A thread.

Disclaimer:
This is for the 2015 Moto E LTE only! The r19 kernel and newer are for 6.0 and 7.x ROMs only. You must update your modem to the Android 5.1 version or newer for the r12 kernel and newer to work properly. You can find modems in the modems thread. If you can't find an up to date modem for your variant and are running a Marshmallow ROM, try the older r15c version. The r6-r11e kernels are for 5.1 ROMs only. Don't flash this on the 3G model. This kernel is provided AS-IS, with no warranties. I am not responsible for bricking your device. Flash at your own risk.

Features:
  • LED notification support
  • Moderately undervolted
  • Updated to Linux 3.10.104
  • Synced with latest CodeAurora changes
  • Improved memory caching backported from Linux 3.15
  • Improved storage performance
  • Optimized ARM crypto routines
  • Updated f2fs and WiFi drivers
  • FIOPS and BFQ I/O schedulers
  • Lionfish CPU governor
  • IntelliPlug CPU hotplug (by faux123)
  • KCAL MDP5 colour control (by savoca)
  • Improved zRAM backported from Linux 4.9
  • Vibration intensity control
  • Compiled with Linaro GCC 6.2 and optimized for Cortex A53
  • Stripped down and optimized configuration

Release History:
Code:
r19: January 1, 2017
- Added support for Nougat ROMs
- Updated zRAM from Linux 4.9
- Updated (optimized) FUSE from CAF
- Kernel ASLR and many info leak fixes
- ARM PXN support for exploit mitigation
- Tons of security updates
- Some CAF updated from LA.BR.1.2.9_rb1.10
- Fixed kernel panic on VPN disconnection
- Updated compiler to Linaro GCC 6.2.1

r18: November 8, 2016
- Tons of security updates
- Updated to Linux 3.10.104
- Updates from Motorola Harpia kernel
- GPU driver latency reduction

r17: August 16, 2016
- Security updates
- Updated to Linux 3.10.102
- CyanogenMod compatibility updates

r16g: May 16, 2016
- Security updates

r16f: April 14, 2016
- Reverted f2fs update
- Updated zRAM from Linux 4.4

r16d: April 8, 2016
- Security fixes
- Vibration intensity control
- Updated f2fs
- Patches for CM13 compatibility
- IntelliPlug disabled by default
- Built with Linaro GCC 5.3

r16: March 20, 2016
- Updated to Linux 3.10.101
- Updated to Motorola MPD24.107
- Updated WiFi driver from CAF
- IO optimizations under heavy load
- Miscellaneous bug and security fixes

r15c: March 5, 2016
- Updated to Linux 3.10.99
- Updated camera driver configuration
- Compatible with Marshmallow stock ROM

r15b: Feburary 27, 2016
- Updated to Linux 3.10.98
- ARMv8 crypto related fixes
- Use ARMv8 crypto for adopted storage

r15: February 6, 2016
- Updated to Linux 3.10.96
- Updated f2fs from Linux 4.5
- Kernel library optimizations
- Improved CFQ IO scheduler
- Improved kernel PRNG
- ARMv8 accelerated crypto support
- Better use of ARM instruction set
- Added minimum CPUs parameter for IntelliPlug
- Miscellaneous bug fixes

r14b: January 23, 2016
- Fixed low/poor call audio
- Security fix for CVE-2016-0728

r14: January 16, 2016
- MARSHMALLOW ONLY
- Updated to Motorola Marshmallow sources
- Updates from CAF LA.BR.1.2.7_rb1.1
- Security and bug fixes from Linux 3.12.52
- Compatible with Marshmallow stock ROM
- More than a dozen CAF security fixes
- Miscellaneous bug fixes
- Somewhat smoother animations

r12: December 25, 2015
- FOR CM13 ONLY!!!
- Updated to Linux 3.10.94
- Updated to LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.41
- Updated zRAM
- Improved memory caching scheme from Linux 3.15
- Optimized memory allocation and management
- Optimized CPU scheduler
- Optimized performance event tracking

r11e: December 1, 2015
- Fixed some cpufreq races
- Minor bug fixes

r10g: November 11, 2015
- Patched Pronto CR-930533 vulnerability
- Fixed possible use-after-free in zRAM
- Updated to Linux 3.10.93
- Compiled with Linaro GCC 5.1

r10f: November 8, 2015
- Updated to Linux 3.10.92
- Updated to CAF LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.36
- Updated to Moto Maxx 2 Kernel
- Security and stability improvements

r10d: October 26, 2015
- Fixed r10c SELinux regression on stock ROM

r10c: October 24, 2015
- Fixed encryption
- Patches for Android 6.0 compatibility

r10b: October 4, 2015
- Fixed move app to SD card issue
- Cleaned up DTBs to reduce size

r10: October 3, 2015
- Added KCAL colour control (by savoca)
- Added optimized crypto routines for ARM
- Updated to Linux 3.10.90
- Optimized memory performance
- General cleanup and optimization

r9e: October 1, 2015
- Updated to lux kernel sources
- Updated to Linux 3.10.89
- Updated to LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.32
- Small tweaks and optimizations

r8: Septemver 15, 2015
- Updated to Linux 3.10.88
- Updated to LA.BR.1.13_rb1.29
- Improved zRAM backported from Linux 4.1
- WiFi driver background scan changes
- Added adaptive low memory killer
- Included the WLAN NV patch I had posted earlier

r7f: August 25, 2015
- Downgraded WiFi driver to LA.BR.1.1.2_rb1.18
- This actually fixes the WiFi crashes :D

r7e: August 25, 2015
- Added LED notification support
- Updated WiFi driver to LA.BR.1.2.4_rb1.14
- Maybe this will fix bootloop issues for affected users

r7d: August 23, 2015
- Updated everything to LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.25
- There were some interesting WLAN driver changes
- Maybe this will fix WiFi bootloop issue in r7c

r7c: August 20, 2015
- Updated WiFi driver to LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.23
- Maybe it will fix DHCP issues with certain routers

r7b: August 19, 2015
- New universal flashing script
- Works on any surnia variant and ROM

r7: August 19, 2015
- Updated to Linux 3.10.87
- Updated to Qualcomm LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.24
- Updated to Motorola MMI-LPI23.72-9
- Added a few extra WiFi driver options
- Added CPU touch booster feature

r6: July 28, 2015
- Rebased for use on 5.1 ROMS ONLY
- Updated to Qualcomm's LA.BR.1.1.3_rb1.21 release
- Updated to Linux 3.10.84
- Updated WiFi drivers
- Added my new and original Lionfish CPU governor
- Added Conservative CPU governor
- Added faux123's IntelliPlug CPU hotplug implementation
- Added BFQ IO scheduler
- Numerous bug fixes

r5: April 21, 2015
- Updated to Linux 3.10.75
- Added FIOPS I/O scheduler
- Updated f2fs drivers backported from Linux 4.0
- Milder undervolt for improved stability and compatibility
- Uses full Boost Mobile ramdisk for CDMA variant

r4: April 15, 2015
- Updated to Linux 3.10.74
- Milder undervolt to better support all devices
- Cleaned up defconfig and device tree
- Various minor bugfixes

r3c: April 5, 2015
- Fixed still picture taking with front-facing camera

r3: April 4, 2015
- Initial public release
Downloads:
r19 interim download link
Main downloads tab

XDA:DevDB Information
Squid Kernel for Styx LTE, Kernel for the Moto E 2015

Contributors
squid2
Source Code: https://github.com/sultanqasim/andro...torola_msm8916

Kernel Special Features: undervolted, lionfish, fiops, intelliplug, latest Linux and Qualcomm fixes

Version Information
Status: Stable
Current Stable Version: r19
Stable Release Date: 2017-01-01

Created 2015-04-04
Last Updated 2017-01-01
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4th April 2015, 07:44 AM |#2  
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Squid TWRP
I also have a TWRP build that uses my kernel, compiled from source with the OmniRom tree. Links for it are it are on the main download tab. My device tree for it is on GitHub. My device tree is based off Cybojenix's TWRP tree for this device, but it uses a special stripped down version of my kernel instead of the prebuilt stock kernel. That is why my TWRP is 4 MB smaller than the Cybojenix version.

The latest build of my TWRP shows the correct time and includes hardware encryption support (thanks @vlcdsm).

UPDATE: I've made a separate thread for this TWRP.
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4th April 2015, 07:44 AM |#3  
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Installation Instructions
The r11e version is the latest for Lollipop 5.1 ROMs. CM12.1 users and LPI23.29 stock users should use the version posted here. Users of the new LPI23.72 stock 5.1.1 should use the osprey version instead. See squid_kernel_r11e-osprey-stock.zip

For CM13 and similar Marshmallow ROMs, use my latest version (r12 at the moment).

My suggested install procedure:
  1. Boot into TWRP (make sure you have a suitable ROM installed)
  2. Flash my kernel zip.
  3. Reboot into Android.

After following these steps, you will be running my new kernel. You can verify in Settings->About phone->Kernel version. If the ROM behaves strangely on first boot, reboot the phone. It should be stable after the second boot.

Attention 5.0 Stock ROM Users:
The latest versions of this kernel (r6 and up) are only for 5.1 ROMs. I suggest that you update to 5.1 if possible. If you need to stay on 5.0 and want my kernel, you will need to use the old r5 version.
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4th April 2015, 08:40 AM |#4  
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Lionfish and Recommended Settings
My new Lionfish governor combines traits of the conservative, ondemand, and interactive governors. It is designed to maximize battery life without noticeably impacting performance. It responds quickly to heavy loads (similar to ondemand and interactive) while staying within the region of optimal CPU performance per watt. With moderate loads, it periodically votes to raise, maintain, or decrease the frequency. When there are enough votes to change the frequency, it is ramped up and down gradually. The voting mechanism reduces frequency jitter compared to ondemand and conservative. My testing had found that this governor uses moderate frequencies (where efficiency is optimal) more effectively than interactive, ondemand, and conservative. This improved frequency distribution results in a moderate reduction in CPU power consumption while maintaining responsiveness comparable to the interactive governor.

IntelliPlug is enabled by default in this kernel. The default governor is still interactive. For optimal performance and battery life, I recommend using the fiops IO scheduler, Lionfish governor, and lowering the CPU idle frequency to 400 MHz (from the default of 800 MHz). The combination of IntelliPlug, Lionfish, undervolting, and reducing idle to 400 MHz should result in a CPU power consumption reduction of around 20% compared to the stock kernel. This will typically correspond to 8-15% increase in battery life compared to the stock configuration.
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4th April 2015, 06:21 PM |#5  
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Well my phone is acting up, and I need to go ahead and start testing roms and things, but this seems like a great way to go! Anyone try this yet? Or will I be the first one? Thanks for your work dev!
4th April 2015, 08:30 PM |#6  
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squid: your kernel is already interesting, developement sound promising.

report:no problem hang or bootloop during boot,

---------- Post added at 09:30 PM ---------- Previous post was at 09:19 PM ----------

wifi not working unable to turn on,
but camera seems to works definitely even with root.
4th April 2015, 08:45 PM |#7  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by pixiebob

squid: your kernel is already interesting, developement sound promising.

report:no problem hang or bootloop during boot,

---------- Post added at 09:30 PM ---------- Previous post was at 09:19 PM ----------

wifi not working unable to turn on,
but camera seems to works definitely even with root.

Hmm, WiFi works fine for me. My kernel requires signed kernel modules, but I do provide a Pronto WLAN driver signed for my kernel in the zip. Could you post the output of dmesg right after your phone boots up? Maybe that would give me a hint as to the cause.

Is anyone else having WiFi issues?
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4th April 2015, 08:50 PM |#8  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by torch2424

Well my phone is acting up, and I need to go ahead and start testing roms and things, but this seems like a great way to go! Anyone try this yet? Or will I be the first one? Thanks for your work dev!

Alright! everything working great! Everything works on my end, but I did notice a SLIGHT slowdown on the device with this kernel, but hey it's totally worth it for the root and everything working

My Steps:
I came from a fresh device (Moto E 2015 4g Unlocked GSM) which I never took the time to do anything so here's what i did

1. Unlock Bootloader using this: http://forum.xda-developers.com/moto...nlock-t3047150
- Just follow the step and it worked fine for me! however, It wouldnt allow me to flash the recovery, it would just crash so...
2. Install TWRP from this thread: http://forum.xda-developers.com/moto...overy-t3049726
- I had to boot into fastboot (Hold Power and volume Down) and boot into my linux (ubuntu) to run the commands and successfully install the recovery
3. Boot into recovery, and BACKUP BACKUP BACKUP!
- To boot into recovery, I boot into fastboot, then use the volume keys until the little Dialog says recovery, the press power. I made a backup with twrp, Forgetting this step sucks, never forget...
4. Flash the kernel
- I flashed the kernel from twrp first to see if it had root pre-installed but it doesn't (Didnt check, but there was no supersu so I'm assuming so). Also, didnt check camera at this point
5. Install superSU/Root from here: http://download.chainfire.eu/696/SuperSU/ . Thank you to spblinux for this post: http://forum.xda-developers.com/show...1&postcount=46
- I flashed the zip through twrp, and everything is working fine, and this is where I am now!

Thanks to the dev for his work. I will report back with more usage and thoguhts later!

Edit: Sorry for the typos, I'm a lazy typer. And Dont forget to hit the thanks button to the devs, and also me if I helped you out!
Edit:Edit: The download link is in the first post, there's some tabs at the top that link to it! (Took me a while to fins it haha)
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4th April 2015, 08:53 PM |#9  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by squid2

Hmm, WiFi works fine for me. My kernel requires signed kernel modules, but I do provide a Pronto WLAN driver signed for my kernel in the zip. Could you post the output of dmesg right after your phone boots up? Maybe that would give me a hint as to the cause.

Is anyone else having WiFi issues?

here dmsg log, good luck
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4th April 2015, 08:55 PM |#10  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by torch2424

Well my phone is acting up, and I need to go ahead and start testing roms and things, but this seems like a great way to go! Anyone try this yet? Or will I be the first one? Thanks for your work dev!

Quote:
Originally Posted by squid2

Hmm, WiFi works fine for me. My kernel requires signed kernel modules, but I do provide a Pronto WLAN driver signed for my kernel in the zip. Could you post the output of dmesg right after your phone boots up? Maybe that would give me a hint as to the cause.

Is anyone else having WiFi issues?

Same here, no wifi issues for me! Thanks for the hard work!
4th April 2015, 11:02 PM |#11  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by pixiebob

here dmsg log, good luck

I looked through your dmesg log and didn't see anything too noteworthy. I saw one potentially relevant message (below) that came from a piece of code that I added.

Code:
<3>[   21.821810,1] subsys-pil-tz a21b000.qcom,pronto: wcnss: Failed to load blob wcnss.b11. Retrying. ERR -2
In my testing, I had encountered a race condition that caused WiFI firmware blobs to sometimes fail to load. I implemented a hack to retry loading firmware blobs if the initial loading failed. Quite often, at least one blob seems to fail to load the first time through, but it always works on the second attempt. The same thing happened on your end, as wcnss.b11 failed to load the first time through, but it successfully loaded on the second attempt. Anyway, I don't think this blob is the problem.

Have you tried rebooting and checking if WiFi works after that? I've never had any WiFi issues with my kernel, but I just want to rule out a race condition being the cause of your issue.

One more thing: Could you post the output of "cat /proc/modules" when WiFi is not working?
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