* Your warranty is now void. * * I am not responsible for bricked devices, dead SD cards, fires, rigged elections, * thermonuclear war, or you getting fired because the alarms failed and you * could not call in. * * Please ensure you have an advanced understanding of this device before * flashing it! YOU are choosing to make these modifications or your own free will.
- I cannot stress this enough--Please READ EVERY STEP FULLY to be sure of what you need to do.
- Some steps listed in this process WILL wipe your userdata. If you have anything you need to save back it up first. While flashing via bootloader you should see it say "(bootloader) Image not signed or corrupt" - (and can show "bad key" or "N/A" while booting) this is normal expected behaviour as the image is no longer properly signed by motorola (I had to repack as our dtb's are compressed inside the boot image)
- This thread is not about custom roms - You may be able to run them using the boot images provided, but this thread does NOT cover that
- This guide assumes your are on COMPLETELY STOCK (FACTORY) FIRMWARE. If you have previously flashed *any* other firmware, system images, kernels, or anything else I cannot say for sure that this guide will work for you
- This WILL affect your ability to get OTA's if/when they come. This thread does not cover getting back to stock. It's up to you to figure out how to get back to stock if you want the update. You're best bet to avoid issues (boot-loops, non-booting, failed updates, etc) is to go completely back to stock first!
- Android GSI's - For the record, I have booted GSI's made (Aonly-32bit) however there are some issues I've noticed regarding sounds while using them. Again, this thread is NOT the place to discuss problems with this.
- TWRP - We can now use official twrp! Please click this link to see details. I have edited the first post to reflect the current state of our twrp images. If you see an error or run across an issue please let me know and I"ll see about fixing it. I have linked an unofficial build I made in the official thread to fix some issues with the official build. When I get a chance to properly verify the new test-build (made by the twrp gerrit) I will see about having the official one updated.
- PIE - These instructions were made using Oreo, not Pie. There are differences in the boot images at the very least (you may not need a modified boot image for Magisk). I have not flashed Pie yet to test things. If you want to test, please let me know how things work out for you.
The variant models below have been verified working using one of the firmware versions listed.
XT1925-2, XT1925-3, XT1925-4, XT1925-5, XT1925-6, XT1925-13
- OPS27.82-19-4 (Build Date: Fri Mar 9 11:04:39 CST 2018)
- OPS27.82-41 (Build Date: Sat Mar 24 01:37:45 CDT 2018)
- OPS27.82-72 (Build Date: Sun May 27 02:13:41 CDT 2018)
- OPS27.82-87 (Build Date: Mon Jul 16 14:54:23 CDT 2018).
- OPSS27.82.87-3 (Build Date: September 2018 Security Update)
- OPSS27.82-87-6 *Provided by @Jleeblanch
- OPS27.104-15-10 (Build Date: Wed Mar 28 21:13:40 CDT 2018)
- OPSS27.104-15-10-4 (Build Date: July 2018 Security Update) *Provided by @Jleeblanch
- OPS27.104-92 (Build Date: September 2018 Security Update)
- OPSS27.104-92-2 (Build Date: November 2018 Security Update) *Provided by @Jleeblanch
*Waiting for confirmation:
- Unlocked bootloader.
- ADB/Fastboot installed on your machine ( https://developer.android.com/studio...platform-tools ) If you have issues with commands make sure you have a current build of ADB and fastboot.
- At least some knowledge of how to use ADB and fastboot, this guide does not cover that.
- Some knowledge of how TWRP/custom recoveries work.
Finally, the guide:
Step 1) Downloading TWRP and modified boot image
Download TWRP and a modified boot image that matches your factory firmware version to the ADB/Fastboot folder on your computer. The boot image downloads are based on the premise of the firmware you are running. If yours is not listed please back up (next step) and provide a link for me to edit.
- Official TWRP Thread: please read the thread for more information regarding this build. The download link is in that thread.
- Unofficial TWRP, this link is just like official but added a vendor image mount for testing vendor operations: [AFH] twrp-v3.2.3-ali.img
- BOOT Image Links - [AFH] No-verity edited boot images link
Step 2) Backing up your stock boot and recovery images and fstab.qcom file--if you have these already you can safely skip to step 3.
Open a terminal/command prompt on your computer and type the following to boot into TWRP (If your filename is different, please replace the filename below with yours):
fastboot boot twrp-v3.2.3-ali.img
adb pull /dev/block/bootdevice/by-name/boot stockboot.img
adb pull /dev/block/bootdevice/by-name/recovery stockrecovery.img
To back up your fstab.qcom file (modified in a later step) we need to mount Vendor in TWRP first if it's not already mounted. From TWRP's main menu press 'Mount'. You can see if the vendor partition is mounted (check mark next to the word 'Vendor') . If it isn't mounted just press 'Vendor' and it should mount. Next type the following:
adb pull /vendor/etc/fstab.qcom factory-fstab.qcom
Step 3) Installing TWRP and modified boot images
Run the following command from your computer's terminal/command prompt to install the TWRP image to your device (If your filename is different, please replace the filename below with yours).
fastboot flash recovery twrp-v3.2.3-ali.img
fastboot flash boot <insert-boot-image-name-here>.img
fastboot flash boot OPS27.104-92_no-verity_boot.img
Step 4) Wiping your data on your phone to remove the current encryption. Ensure you have a backup beforehand if you want it.
This step is only needed if you intend to remove your current encryption, if you don't want to do this please skip to the next step
Boot into TWRP by using the volume keys on your phone to select "recovery mode" and then press the power button and TWRP will boot up (it may take a bit to boot because it is trying to decrypt your userdata or if you have a screen lock it may ask for it--enter it and proceed. Please read the thread linked above for help if you enter it incorrectly.)
Swipe to allow system partition modifications if you want and are asked. If you wish to backup your data and restore it after formatting then do so now. Next click the "Wipe" button in TWRP and then "Swipe to Factory Reset". This step should have formatted data as it was encrypted (removing internal storage ) however if it didn't and data is still not mountable in TWRP you can use the "Format Data" button above "Swipe to Factory Reset", this will format data and remove EVERYTHING from the internal storage as well. You may need to format data again and reboot into TWRP. DON'T REBOOT TO SYSTEM YET.
Step 5) Removing forced-encryption upon first boot (you may still choose to encrypt after booting--Moto's firmware defaults to saying it's encrypted, at least on mine, in the security tab of settings but it's not and the option to encrypt still exists within that menu)
This step is only needed if you intend to remove forced encryption, if you don't want to do this please skip to the next step
**THIS STEP DOES NOT REMOVE CURRENT ENCRYPTION--IT ONLY REMOVES FORCED ENCRYPTION DURING THE FIRST BOOT: YOU MUST HAVE COMPLETED STEP 4 ABOVE TO REMOVE CURRENTLY ENCRYPTED DATA**
This file has been verified working on Oreo and may not function correctly on Pie, please be aware of this: see HueyT's Post.
Download the force-encryption disabler zip to your ADB/Fastboot folder: [AFH] Force_Encryption_Disabler_For_ALI_Oreo_v2.zip
Now push that zip file to your phone. The example uses the /tmp directory. From your computer's terminal/command prompt type the following into your command prompt/terminal from your adb/fastboot folder:
adb push Force_Encryption_Disabler_For_ALI_Oreo_v2.zip /tmp
adb shell "cat /vendor/etc/fstab.qcom"
/dev/block/bootdevice/by-name/userdata /data f2fs rw,discard,nosuid,nodev,noatime,nodiratime,nobarri er,inline_xattr,inline_data wait,check,formattable,encryptable=/dev/block/bootdevice/by-name/metadata
Step 6) Rooting via Magisk
This step is only needed if you intend to have root access, if you don't want to do this or wish to do this later please skip to the next step
To be safe, you may need to reboot back into TWRP to make sure it sees the data partition mounted correctly and again swipe to allow system partition modifications if you want. (I've seen Magisk say forced-encryption was still detected even though it actually wasn't if I didn't reboot)
Download Magisk from the linked thread to your ADB/Fastboot folder: https://forum.xda-developers.com/app...mless-t3473445
Run the following command to push the Magisk zip to your device (v17.3 (beta) is current as of the last edit of this post, if it changes please put your version number instead).
The example uses the /tmp folder:
adb push Magisk-v17.3.zip /tmp
Step 7) Almost finished!
Reboot your device. If you installed Magisk it will say "N/A" in the top corner of your device for a few seconds (otherwise it should say "bad key"). This is normal. It may look like it bootloops that screen, just let it go and and it should boot the Motorola boot screen and you can setup your device as a new phone.
Once booted, if you installed Magisk, verify Magisk Manager is installed and the root functionality works.
Step 8) ???
Step 9) Profit
@kwiksi1ver - getting things going for us, work with twrp and verity and allowing me to use his thread as base for this guide.
@CodyF86 and his Moto E5 thread for clues as to what it would take to turn off DM-Verity (per kwik)
@Dadud - testing and constantly nuking said device
@AngryManMLS - testing and communications
@Vache - Provided us the fix for sdcards in TWRP.
@Xennet's thread regarding verity and encryption and the disabler zip and everyone there: Disable [DM-Verity]/[Force Encryption] [OnePlus 3T/3] for [Oreo] Oxygen OS
@likemiketoo - Having had TWRP built for us for testing purposes
@Jleeblanch - Helping provide various no-verity images and other help/advice like....everywhere
Everyone else who I am forgetting because let's be honest, I'm sure I have. If you feel like mention is owed please let me know and I'll be happy to add.