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[APK][Flash Zips WITHOUT a Recovery!]Flash Gordon: an Edify to Bash parser/translator

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THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS, CURRENTLY AT A VERY EARLY STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT



What is Flash Gordon ?

In laymen's words, Flash Gordon is an apk which allows you to flash any flashable zip (except for Roms) without having a recovery installed.
You just point it to the zip you want to flash, (be it a kernel, a mod, a gapps package, a modem, a RIL, a recovery...) and it will interpret the updater-script of this package and install its content just like a recovery would.


How does it work ?

Here is what happens step by step :
  1. You tap the "select a zip" button, select the built-in file explorer to select the zip you want to flash
  2. Flash Gordon will first extract this zip, depending on its size it can take a little time
  3. When you press the "Flash Now" button, Flash Gordon will locate the updater-script and start translating it into shell code, line by line
  4. It will output the resulting translated bash script on your sdcard and execute it, thus installing the zip's content
  5. The app creates a notification, just tap on it to reboot

In order to achieve those last 2 steps, I'm writing a full Edify to Bash parser and translator.
Here is the list of all the Edify commands this parser can currently process and what their respective bash translation is (in green), using examples:
(more will be added over time, this is really just a draft)

By no means am I a bash expert, so if you have suggestions for better bash equivalents of any edify commands please post them
Code:
package_extract_file("path/to/source/file.txt", "/path/to/destination/file.txt");
busybox cp -fp /path/to/source/file.txt /path/to/destination/file.txt

package_extract_dir("/source/folder", "/destination/folder");
busybox cp -rfp /source/folder/* /destination/folder

set_perm(0, 2000, 0755, "/file/or/folder");
chown 0:2000 /file/or/folder
chmod 0755 /file/or/folder

set_perm_recursive(0, 2000, 0644, 0755, "/path/to/set/permissions/recursively");
chown -R 0:2000 /path/to/set/permissions/recursively
chmod 0644 /path/to/set/permissions/recursively
chmod -R 0755 /path/to/set/permissions/recursively


delete("file/to/delete");
busybox rm -f /file/to/delete

run_program("/script/to/run.sh");
sh /script/to/run.sh

mount("ext4", "EMMC", "/dev/block/mmcblk0p9", "/system");
busybox mount -o rw,remount -t auto /system (will soon change to -t mmcblk0p9 or whichever mount point is in the updater-script)

unmount("/system");
busybox mount -o remount,ro /system

symlink("busybox", "/system/xbin/[", "/system/xbin/[[",
        "/system/xbin/adjtimex", "/system/xbin/arp", "/system/xbin/ash",
        "/system/xbin/awk", "/system/xbin/base64", "/system/xbin/basename",
        "/system/xbin/bbconfig", "/system/xbin/blkid", "/system/xbin/blockdev",
        "/system/xbin/brctl", "/system/xbin/bunzip2", "/system/xbin/bzcat",
        "/system/xbin/bzip2", "/system/xbin/cal", "/system/xbin/cat",
        "/system/xbin/catv", "/system/xbin/chattr", "/system/xbin/chgrp",
        "/system/xbin/chmod", "/system/xbin/chown", "/system/xbin/chroot",
        "/system/xbin/clear", "/system/xbin/cmp", "/system/xbin/comm",
        "/as/many/lines/as/you/want");
ln -s busybox  /system/xbin/[ /system/xbin/[[
        /system/xbin/adjtimex /system/xbin/arp /system/xbin/ash
        /system/xbin/awk /system/xbin/base64 /system/xbin/basename
        /system/xbin/bbconfig /system/xbin/blkid /system/xbin/blockdev
        /system/xbin/brctl /system/xbin/bunzip2 /system/xbin/bzcat
        /system/xbin/bzip2 /system/xbin/cal /system/xbin/cat
        /system/xbin/catv /system/xbin/chattr /system/xbin/chgrp
        /system/xbin/chmod /system/xbin/chown /system/xbin/chroot
        /system/xbin/clear /system/xbin/cmp /system/xbin/comm
        /as/many/lines/as/you/want
(not sure about this one, please correct me if I'm wrong, I could change to ln -s argument/number/1 argument/number/2 as many times as required if needed)

write_raw_image("/tmp/boot.img", "mmcblk0p5");
dd if=/tmp/boot.img of=/dev/block/mmcblk0p5
This is just a proof of concept for the moment, I'm aiming at adding all the possible Edify commands, and maybe doing it backwards (Bash2Edify) in the future, too.


Screenshots
This is from the apk I use for debugging, so the UI is pretty barebones atm, it will quickly evolve to something more fancy and featureful



Contribute
Flash Gordon is fully Open-Source, and contributions are more than welcome!
You can check-out the full source code on my github at : https://github.com/Androguide/FlashGordon

This app depends on the following Open-Source libraries :

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Why can't I flash a Rom with Flash Gordon ?
A: Because when some system files are replaced while the device is running, it causes it to crash and will stop in the middle of the installation, resulting in a bootloop.

Q: Where can I see the bash script translation of the package I selected ?
A: After tapping the Flash Now button, head to /sdcard/RecoveryEmulator/tmp/flash_gordon.sh
The full translation is also output to the logcat while flashing.

Q: I select a flashable zip but it tells me it is not valid or that it's not a zip package, why ?
A: Make sure that there is no whitespace in the name of the zip package you're trying to flash, otherwise it won't be recognized.
If your package has no whitespace but the app still gives this error, try to shorten its name.

Q: Which versions of Android are supported ?
A: From Froyo (2.2) up to the latest JellyBean (4.2.2)

Q: Why is this app useful?
A: Some people might not be able to install a custom recovery on their device, either because there is no custom recovery for this model, or maybe their bootloader is locked. Flash Gordon allows them to flash packages even then.
Or maybe you're simply lazy and you don't want to have to reboot to recovery to flash that new kernel or that new cool flashable mod ? Then Flash Gordon is for you too.
Or maybe just for the heck of it ?^^


Requirements

All you need is a rooted Android device with a proper busybox installed. Required applets include :
  • mount
  • sed
  • unzip
  • rm
  • cp


Changelog
Quote:

  • 25/04/2013 : Initial release
  • 26/04/2013 : Added a few fixes and regex corrections. (Github commit)
  • 26/04/2013 : Hotfix for some flashable zips mistakenly identified as unvalid + Hotfix for kernels where the updater-script uses package_extract_file(); instead of write_raw_image(); (Github commit)


To Do List
  • Using a private version of busybox to remove having busybox installed/installing new applets as a requirement for the user
  • Implementing an equivalent of nandroid backups (zipping the content of the defined partition(s) and generating an updater-script to allow the user to restore the backup either through recovery or through Flash Gordon
  • Translating ui_print(); to echo in bash and make the "Flashing" ProgressDialog's message display the content of those ui_print();


Disclaimer

If you're going to test this app, make sure you have a nandroid backup handy as it is very far from stable.
I won't be held responsible for any damage done to anything whatsoever. You use this tool at your own risk.



Download
A preview/pre-alpha/proof-of-concept/work-in-progress/whatever-but-stable apk is attached to this post.
Again, make sure to have a nandroid backup before flashing anything through Flash Gordon for the moment.


If you like this project, please press the "Tip us?" button so that more people can know about it.
Attached Files
File Type: apk FlashGordon.apk - [Click for QR Code] (1,005.1 KB, 264609 views)
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25th April 2013, 07:34 PM |#2  
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You made it possible man.. hats off.. ^_^

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25th April 2013, 07:53 PM |#6  
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Will try this out!

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25th April 2013, 07:55 PM |#7  
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This i will test for sure!
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25th April 2013, 08:45 PM |#8  
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Amazing work once again!

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25th April 2013, 08:47 PM |#9  
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For the gsm galaxy nexus at least, choosing two zips (recovery, kernel) brings back a 'file not valid'. Looking forward to the "final" version.
Edit- if this helps.. twrp 2.5.5.0 and trinity kernel. If there is something for me to do please ask.
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25th April 2013, 09:17 PM |#10  
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Flashed a XXEMB6 I9300 Modem+RIL with no problems.
25th April 2013, 09:24 PM |#11  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dirtyreturn

For the gsm galaxy nexus at least, choosing two zips (recovery, kernel) brings back a 'file not valid'. Looking forward to the "final" version.
Edit- if this helps.. twrp 2.5.5.0 and trinity kernel. If there is something for me to do please ask.

Make sure there is no whitespace in the name of the zip, otherwise the app won't be able to pick it up.
If it still doesn't work, try shortening the name of the zips, for some reason I had the same issue with files which have long names

Quote:
Originally Posted by rickoslyder

Flashed a XXEMB6 I9300 Modem+RIL with no problems.

Thanks a lot for the feedback
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