tried same cable with android phone and it got recognized by my pc, so I believe the problem is within car itself, either adb mode not really activated, or they unplugged its cable from usb data plug (got my car in Saudi Arabia)
for app recommendations, got most of them from 2 dongles I used to connect it to my car, but I have every time to reset car settings to be connected, and they have alternative apps for carplay (wireless connection), android auto, many helpful apps,
I'll get the list of the apps from it, also I'll try to extract their apks so I can share it directly with you.
meanwhile, it might help me if dial *#*#888 and take pictures of each tab menu, maybe I missing something.
happy for you man!