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[GUIDE] [how to] CREATE OWN ROM [FOR ANY ANDROID DEVICE] [FOR N00B] [EASIEST METHODS]

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rendrop

Member
Mar 21, 2017
6
0
Bogor
Reprogramming Hardware Keys in Kernel Level

I want to reprogram my Sony Xperia M2 hardware keys (the power button is broken)
How can I do this in kernel level?
I want to reprogram my camera button to be power button.
 

saopacic

Senior Member
Feb 21, 2008
104
0
Soten T71 MT6589 CPU

I've got a few of these tablest with original 4.2.2 KitKat and quad core cpu. I also got Scatter file for it and can flash it using SPF. I was wondering could I replace system.img file with android version 5.0 or agove? Need higher android so I can get full use of flash .

Also, any advice on how to cook a rom 5.0 or above for MT6589 is welcomed
 

ochena ojana

Member
Oct 27, 2019
24
1
Dhaka
1st for rom you will use as base, get permission of its developers before doing it...
2nd the setup wizard you are talking about(i guess where we have to touch android) is by app in system/app named SetupWizard.apk but i think you should not delete it. it also controls few other things.
3rd replace/delete app you know about...(system/app)
4th i don't know much about preloaded settings... all i know is you will need to edit smali files of apk....

is there any wrong with using this one downloadeble mata file for all device ?
i have backuped system folder with es without root, any problem will be?
 

ochena ojana

Member
Oct 27, 2019
24
1
Dhaka
@lokeshsaini94
Adding/removing applications
1. Go to the working folder where you extracted your rom, inside you will find:
OR
2. Then go to "system/app" inside this folder you will find all the rom applications(apks) you may also find some in the data folder if your rom has this folder.
3. Copy, replace, and change any app(apk) be carefull if you dont know what the apk is do not delete!!
LIST OF APPS YOU CAN DELETE - HERE OR HERE
If you can not find some apps in this guide then try opening all those app in your phone and see app name and icon or move those apps from system/app to sdcard and see what is not working...

there are folders for every apk with a folder named "arm" containing an odex file. how can i add a new apk(how to build an odex or can i done without it)?

can i replace system apps with it's update to update my Android version?
 
Last edited:

BlackArmy_12

Member
Mar 29, 2019
5
0
Please help,how to change Icon Grid on Samsung Galaxy Grand Prime G530H with OS Touchwiz Lollipop( Nameless J5 Rom) the icon is too small and the grid is 5x5 i want to make it to 4x5,anyone know???
 

DiamondJohn

Recognized Contributor
Aug 31, 2013
5,536
5,276
Sydney
Please help,how to change Icon Grid on Samsung Galaxy Grand Prime G530H with OS Touchwiz Lollipop( Nameless J5 Rom) the icon is too small and the grid is 5x5 i want to make it to 4x5,anyone know???
Building a rom for that would be overkill. You would probably be best either to ask your question in a device specific thread/forum OR simply switch your Launcher application to one that has the feature already built.
 

schmirrwurst

New member
Apr 13, 2020
2
1
Sponsoring a rom from a real dev

Is there a way to find a developper to make a lineage ROM for my device ?
I've not the skills and the time to do it, but I would sponsor somebody, that could do the job and give it back for the community... Any Idea how to do it, who could do it ?
 
  • Like
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silac1337

New member
Apr 18, 2019
3
0
24
Help anyone please ?

Guys I have an archos 50c neon and I need anyone to help me and port a ROM for my device I don't have enough money to buy a new phone and my archos got a lot or problems so please help me i dont have access to a computer ??
 
Last edited:

lm8lm8

Member
Nov 10, 2020
23
2
Hi guys, could you give me your mind on those?
huawei ale l21 2015 hw rel :
samsung g386f :
samsung g530fz :

I thnk you vm :)
 

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  • 711
    NOTE: THIS GUIDE WILL WORK ANY ANDROID DEVICE BUT HAS FEW EXTRA PRE-SUGGESTED LINKS FOR GALAXY ACE PLUS USERS.


    Special Thanks to -
    • dsixda for his awesome kitchen. Please Hit Thanks button for him.
    • inspired by isidromxz's thread.
    • Please kindly remind me if i have forgotten to write any name in thanks section, i have collected all things from many many sources and with modification.

    Who is this tutorial for?
    • Absolute Beginners.
    • People with little or no programming skills.
    • people who really want to learn how to make custom rom's
    • people who want to learn android and don't know where to start.

    Tools Required : (Update them manually and report me dead links please)



    Step one: Installing the JAVA JDK, Cygwin and Setting up the Kitchen.

    *Before you do anything install the java jdk*

    Try this Dsixda Kitchen Install Picture Tutor(recommended)

    OR

    watch this video tutorial by gitagaire for how to setup cygwin and kitchen(recommended)


    INSTRUCTIONS

    • Download and extract the cygwin_packages.zip
    • Run the set up(make sure there is no previous cygwin installation)
      NOTE: INSTALL CYGWIN IN ROOT DISK LIKE C:\
      • Follow the kitchen read me txt!!!
      • local package directory *must* be the path to the cygwin_packages folder that you just extracted

      • unledwkc.png
    • when it shows all the package names, go to the top and select "all default" until it changes to "all install" (you must click on the arrows)
    • Download the kitchen from above. Then, extract the kitchen's .zip file to a folder under your home account. Rename the dsixda-android-kitchen-*** folder to just "kitchen". In Cygwin, this folder would depend on what was set for your Cygwin install directory, e.g. C:\cygwin\home\John\kitchen
      NOTE!! If your user folder contains spaces (e.g. C:\cygwin\home\John Smith\kitchen), then the kitchen will not function properly. Instead, copy it under C:\cygwin\home\kitchen.
    • Now your ready to run the kitchen type:
      those who have their kitchen like this C:\cygwin\home\John\kitchen use these commands given below.
      cd kitchen(enter)
      ./menu(enter)
      those who have their kitchen like this C:\cygwin\home\kitchen use these commands given below.
      cd ../kitchen(enter)
      ./menu(enter)
      If you did things right you should see this:
      unledxwb.png

      congratulations!!
    544
    Step Four: repackage the rom


    • AFTER YOU HAVE DONE ALL CHANGE/MODIFICATION YOU WANTED OPEN CYGWIN AGAIN AND TYPE
      cd kitchen(enter)
      ./menu(enter)
      now convert update script to updater script(in option 23)


    • now lets edit updater script(optional)

      Thanks to user langthang for a great updater-script guide.
      Download it HERE

      the updater-script basically tells CWM what steps to take during the installation(flashing rom).
      If you don't have any experience please don't edit anything other than what is in this simple tutorial.


      TO EDIT UPDATER SCRIPT -
      1.Go to META-INF/com/google/android
      2.Open the updater-scrip file with Notepad++
      3.Any text that would appear during the CWM install should be in this format :

      Code:
      ui_print("Put your text in HERE");

      Add your text start at top and save,
      then replace with new updater-scrip
      unledofd.png


      IF YOU GET ANY ERROR YOU CAN COMPARE YOUR UPDATER SCRIPT WITH MINE (attached in 1st post)
      NOTE: DO NOT COPY WHOLE UPDATER SCRIPT JUST EDIT PART WHERE YOU GET ANY ERROR...

      most common errors will be in mount, remount part in starting and end and boot.img installing part... so replace only those lines....



      AND AT LAST

      [*]Now that you have made some changes it's time to pack the rom and test!!



      1. Run the cygwin and type
        cd kitchen(enter)
        ./menu(enter)
      1. enter option 99 - "biuld rom from working folder"
      2. Choose your build option and few more enters
        I recommend that you go with all default options until you get more experience with the kitchen.
      3. When rom is packed and signed it will ask to change rom zip name (type name of your rom)
      4. When its all done you will find a folder inside "cygwin/home/yousername/kitchen" called output_zip
      5. Inside the folder is your new rom ready to be flashed and tested!!!
        unledwxh.png

      IF YOU WANT THAN YOU CAN MAKE CWM FLASH ABLE ZIP'S MANUALLY USE THIS TOOL BY I.AM.H3RO


      congratulations you have build your own rom

    • TROUBLESHOOTING (by hell_lock)

      • If you are facing java related problem with cygwin than refer to this post. and Google search
      • If you get problems in installing a rom then compare your updater-script in META-INF folder with one attached in first post.
      • If you have a rom without kernel then remove these lines:
        Code:
        assert(package_extract_file("boot.img", "/tmp/boot.img"),
               write_raw_image("/tmp/boot.img", "/dev/block/mmcblk0p8"),
               delete("/tmp/boot.img"));
        NOTE: mmcblk0p8 can be different with different devices... this works fine with galaxy ace plus...
      • If there is a package error then extract the files of the rom and repack them using any compression software.
      • If rom installed correctly but stuck onto logo screen?? Then remove try removing kernel and flashing rom again.
      • If rom installed correctly but got onto bootloop then there could be many possibilities which could lead to this. If you want accurate cause of it then do a logcat.
      • If there are some apk's which are not working then check if you correctly modded them.
      • For status errors like status error 0, status error 6, status error 7 see this guide by Tha TechnoCrat and for rest go here and type your error.

    NOTE: Most of the problems occur because of updater-script problems so before trying any of the troubleshooting try the first tip.

    IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR PROBLEMS FEEL FREE TO POST HERE OR PERSONAL MESSAGE ME.


    sigpic3913662_2.gif
    331
    Step Two: Setting up a working folder


    THERE ARE TOW METHODS FOR THIS.
    1. WHEN YOU HAVE BASE ROM AVAILABLE.
    2. WHEN YOU DON'T HAVE BASE ROM.


    FIRST METHOD -
    • First our folder structure should look like this:
      Code:
      cygwin folder/home/your user name/kitchen
    • Inside the kitchen it should look like this:
      unledmlb.png
    • Now we need a rom to work on, for GALAXY ACE PLUS[s7500] users i will recommend this rom by blackburner but you can use any rom.
      Just Place the original rom zip in the original_update folder inside the kitchen.
    • run the cygwin.exe again type:
      Code:
      cd kitchen(enter)
      ./menu(enter)
    • now enter option 1, enter again. You should see your rom listed, choose and enter
      you will be asked about changing the working folders name, at this point it makes no difference so just continue.
    • congratulations you have a working folder!!!
      unledzfr.png



    SECOND METHOD - this method is by neroyoung

    FIRST MAKE A WORKING FOLDER IN CYGWIN FOLDER
    IT SHOULD LOOK LIKE THIS
    cygwin folder/home/your user name/kitchen/WORKING_(your rom name)

    NOTE: FOR THIS MEETHOD WE NEED 3 FILES AND FOLDERS TO BE PLACED IN WORKING FOLDER.
    1. META-INF FOLDER - GET THIS FROM DOWNLOAD FILES LIST IN FIRST POST
    2. SYSTEM FOLDER - TUTORIAL BELOW
    3. BOOT.IMG - TUTORIAL BELOW



    2. getting system folder
    (NOTE - YOU MUST BE ROOTED FOR THIS MEDHOD)
    • This is universal method and can be done easily using terminal emulator.
      For this simply download Terminal Emulator from Android Market.
      we need freshly flashed device here. OTHERWISE YOU WILL HAVE LOT OF JUNK FILES.
    • Open it and type:
      su
      tar -c system/* >> sdcard/system.tar
      This will copy all your /system folder to your SDcard with name System.tar
      This will take some time to finish so be patient.
    • After it's done you should have a tar file in your /sdcard named system.tar
      You can extract it using Winrar or 7zip software. But yes this will have huge size , as it has other useless folders so you will have to delete them. After extracting this system.tar file you will get following folders (Similar one)

      • /etc
      • /fonts
      • /framework
      • /lib
      • /lost-found
      • /media
      • /sd
      • /semc
      • /usr
      • /xbin
      • build.prop
      • And some other files and folders like ""autorooted,kernel files" etc

      Now simply delete the folders marked in red color and its done.Don't worry if you don't have folders with red colors above,we don't need them.
    • And the final files that we will have in our system folders will be

      • /app
      • /bin
      • /etc
      • /fonts
      • /framework
      • /lib
      • /media
      • /semc
      • /usr
      • /xbin
      • build.prop
      If it dont have semc folder no need to worry.
      NOTE: YOU CAN ALSO GET THIS SYSTEM FOLDER BY USING ANY ROOT BROWSER. JUST FIND THIS FOLDER AND COPY/EXTRACT TO SDCARD
    • NOW COPY THIS system FOLDER TO WORKING FOLDER


    3. getting boot.img

    Here we have 2 options
    1. stock boot.img from stock rom - simple kernel which we get in brand new mobile.
    2. custom boot.img from custom kernel - kernel which are modified for overclock or other features


    1. getting stock boot.img from stock rom.
    extract your stock rom with winrar or 7zip. you will see boot.img there. copy it to working folder

    2. getting custom boot.img from custom kernel.
    • download any custom kernel which is only for your device. [galaxy ace plus [s7500] users get from here or here]
    • extract it with winrar or 7zip and copy boot.img to working folder
    NOTE: many of new devices have kernel.bin and other files instead of boot.img so skip this part if your device don't have it...
    304
    Step Three :change/modify/update rom

    YOU CAN MODIFY YOUR ROM IN TWO STEPS:
    1. MODIFY USING ANDROID KITCHEN - for basic modification.
    2. MODIFY MANUALLY. - for advanced modification.



    1. MODIFYING USING ANDROID KITCHEN
    watch this amazing tutorial by neroyoung on how to editing rom with kitchen
    NOTE: DON'T FORGET TO DEODEX YOUR ROM


    2. MODIFYING MANUALLY.


    FOR ALL ANDROID PHONES (ESPECIALLY FOR GINGERBREAD ROMS) USE THIS GUIDE FOR COOL MODS. like center clock,CRT animation, ics and jelly bean style mods etc... ANOTHER GUIDE BY ME

    248
    MORE ADVANCE MODIFICATION (not advised for beginners)


    • editing .apk files
      THERE ARE TWO BEST TOOLS FOR EDITING .APK FILES
      1. APKTOOLS
      This video by neroyoung teaches you how to setup APKTOOL folder as well as teaches you how to edit .apk files.

      2. APK Manager
      this video by adgoosuc teaches you How to unpack,repack and sign an APK File with APK Manager




      [*]Editing .JAR Files
      In this video by neroyoung you will get information on how to edit .jar files like services.jar using APKTOOL.





      [*]THEMEING .apk FILE


      HERE IS A AWESOME TUTORIAL BY Andrewtst FOR THEMEING ANY .apk FILE.

      for porting themes:
      1. download and extract theme you want to port.
      2. open both apk(base and port) in 7zip/winrar
      3. drag and replace png files with same name
      this works with only png files not with xml and others


      FOR THEMING YOUR ROM YOU CAN EDIT framework-res.apk AND GET MANY COOL THINGS
      LIKE you can change smiles, default wallpaper, default lockscreen wallpaper, add 14 toggle mod and many cool things...
      for that use Framework Flasher or apktools or any other tool and do changes manually.


      CHECK THIS GUIDE BY dully79 TO KNOW WHICH FILES YOU CAN MODIFY AND HOW.

      HERE ARE FEW MORE COOL GUIDES -
      ICS Style 'Settings.apk' BY balamu96m
      Implement Swipe to Remove Notification BY hansip87
      add customizable 14 statusbar toggle buttons for samsung ROM BY lidroid


      FOR MORE SEARCH MORE...




    • CHANGING HARD KEY FUNCTION (REMAPPING BUTTON)

      1. open /system/usr/keylayout/[phone model]-keypad.kl with notepad++
      (Some phone may have different names, but it will always end with "keypad.kl)
      it will look like this --
      Code:
      # Copyright (c) 2011, Code Aurora Forum.
      #
      # Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
      # you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
      # You may obtain a copy of the License at
      #
      # [url]http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0[/url]
      #
      # Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
      # distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
      # WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
      # See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
      # limitations under the License.
      #
      
      #
      key 2     1
      key 3     2
      key 4     3
      key 5     4
      key 6     5
      key 7     6
      key 8     7
      key 9     8
      key 10    9
      key 11    0
      key 158   BACK              WAKE_DROPPED
      key 230   HOME              WAKE
      key 60    SOFT_RIGHT        WAKE
      key 62    ENDCALL           WAKE_DROPPED
      key 229   MENU         WAKE_DROPPED
      key 59    MENU         WAKE_DROPPED
      key 139   MENU              WAKE_DROPPED
      key 228   POUND
      key 227   STAR
      key 231   CALL              WAKE_DROPPED
      key 61    CALL              WAKE_DROPPED
      key 232   DPAD_CENTER       WAKE_DROPPED
      key 108   DPAD_DOWN         WAKE_DROPPED
      key 103   DPAD_UP           WAKE_DROPPED
      key 102   ENDCALL           WAKE_DROPPED
      key 105   DPAD_LEFT         WAKE_DROPPED
      key 106   DPAD_RIGHT        WAKE_DROPPED
      key 115   VOLUME_UP         WAKE
      key 114   VOLUME_DOWN         WAKE
      key 212   SLASH
      key 213   DEL               WAKE_DROPPED
      key 355   DEL               WAKE_DROPPED
      
      key 16    Q
      key 17    W
      key 18    E
      key 19    R
      key 20    T
      key 21    Y
      key 22    U
      key 23    I
      key 24    O
      key 25    P
      
      key 30    A
      key 31    S
      key 32    D
      key 33    F
      key 34    G
      key 35    H
      key 36    J
      key 37    K
      key 38    L
      key 14    DEL
              
      key 44    Z
      key 45    X
      key 46    C
      key 47    V
      key 48    B
      key 49    N
      key 50    M
      key 51    COMMA
      key 52    PERIOD
      key 28    ENTER
              
      key 56    ALT_LEFT
      key 42    SHIFT_LEFT
      key 215   AT
      key 57    SPACE
      key 53    SLASH
      key 127   SYM
      key 100   ALT_RIGHT
      
      key 399   GRAVE

      HERE YOU WILL FIND 3 ROWS...
      1. As you can see, there are different attributes assigned to each key. like this
      Code:
      key 102   HOME
      key 139   MENU
      key 158   BACK
      key 115   VOLUME_UP
      key 114   VOLUME_DOWN

      2. Specific application/action launchers:
      Code:
      HOME                     #Launches "Home"
      MENU                     #Launches "Menu"
      BACK                     #Takes you back to the last activity
      SEARCH                   #Launches "Universal Search"
      CALL                     #Launches the "Phone" activity and corresponding .apk or initiates a call
      ENDCALL                  #Ends a call
      CAMERA                   #Launches "Camera" activity and corresponding .apk
      FOCUS                    #Initiates Auto-Focus while using the Camera
      VOLUME_UP                #Self explanatory
      VOLUME_DOWN              #Self explanatory

      3. And attributes saying if it should wake the phone at button push to complete the action, or if it should just complete the action without waking the screen.
      Code:
      WAKE                 #Completes the action without waking the screen
      WAKE_DROPPED         #Wakes the phone to complete the action

      2. NOW WE WILL EDIT SECOND AND/OR THIRD ROW
      Erase the center row value for any key to completely disable it. To reassign the key, replace the center row value with another one from the same row. Change the right row value to either "WAKE" or blank to enable the wake function. Do not modify the left row.
      NOTE: don't edit left row i.e. first row which contains specific key identity number.

      FOR EXAMPLE I DO THESE CHANGES
      DEFAULT VALUES ---
      Code:
      key 115   VOLUME_UP         WAKE
      key 114   VOLUME_DOWN       WAKE

      CHANGED VALUES ---
      Code:
      key 115   CAMERA         WAKE
      key 114   FOCUS          WAKE

      NOW VOLUME UP KEY WILL WORK AS CAMERA KEY AND VOLUME DOWN KEY WILL WORK AS FOCUS KEY....
      NOTE: all words should be in BOLD letters i.e. capital letters...
    • MORE COMING SOON

    FOR ADVANCE ROM DEVELOPMENT GUIDES (like porting rom) SEE THIS COLLECTION BY F3niX